Poor Leadership 1099-1174

  • Created by: Emilia1
  • Created on: 15-05-17 12:23
After defeating al-Afdal in August 1099 why was he not able to capture Ascalon even though it was willing to surrender?
Godfrey was worried that Raymond of Toulouse would establish his own independent coastal lordship so negotiations collapsed
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Why was Godfrey left with only 300 knights and 2,000 infantrymen in Jerusalem by 1099?
Most of the crusaders left with Robert of Normandy and Robert of Flanders taking ship from Syria
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When did Godfrey fail to capture Arsuf?
Autumn 1099
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How was Godfrey's leadership of Jerusalem threatened in 1099?
His elevation was contested as he decided to forgo a regal title and Tancred's continued presence caused a threat. The new Papal Legate Archbishop Diambert of Pisa arrived threatening Godfrey's rule as he wanted Jerusalem to be ruled by the Church
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When was Bohemond captured by Armenian Turks when raiding beyond his northern borders?
July 1100-1103
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Where was the 1101 crusade defeated?
Ramleh
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What happened at the second battle of Ramala in 1102?
Baldwin I attacked an Egyptian army of 20,000 with only 200 knights, killing most of his army including Stephen of Blois. Baldwin was forced to flee during the night
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What was the consequences of the Battle of Harran in May 1104?
Baldwin II of Edessa and Joscelin of Courtenay were captured, the principality of Antioch was decimated with Byzantines retaking Cilicia and Latakia and Artah and other towns turned to Aleppo for protection
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What problem did Antioch face in September 1104?
Bohemond left for Europe leaving Tancred with little money or defence
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When was Bohemond forced to sign the Treaty of Devol?
1108
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What conflict occurred between Baldwin II of Edessa and Tancred of Antioch in 1108?
Baldwin had been released by the Muslims and when he tried to reclaim Edessa, Tancred tried to make him swear an oath of fealty. Both sides raised armies, Tancred allied with Ridwan of Aleppo and Baldwin allied with Jawuli of Mosul. Tancred backed
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When does William Jordan appeal to Tancred saying he will recognise him as overlord if he supports him against Raymond of Toulouse's son Bertrand?
1109, King Baldwin I negotiated that Bertrand gets the bulk of Tripoli and William got Tortosa and Arqua
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When did Tancred relinquish demands on Edessa?
1109
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What happened at the Battle of the Field of Blood in 1119?
Il-Ghazi of Aleppo attacked Roger of Antioch with 10,000. Roger did not wait for reinforcements and was heavily outnumbered. Roger was killed along with most of his army
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When was the County of Edessa invaded by Balak of Aleppo and Joscelin was taken prisoner?
1122
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When did Baldwin II fail to take Aleppo?
1125
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When did the Christians unsuccessfully besiege Damascus?
1126
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When was Bohemond II slain during a raid in Cilicia and who did he leave as heir?
1130 leaving his infant daughter Constance as heir
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What did Alice of Antioch do in 1131?
Tried to prevent Fulk from entering Antioch to secure her daughter Constance's rights with support from Edessa and Tripoli
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What division occured in 1134 between the Jerusalem nobility?
Fulk was forced to besiege Count Hugh of Jaffa in Jaffa until he surrendered but he was murdered before he could go into exile- some believed Fulk had orchestrated it which increased divisions
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Why was Fulk's death an issue in 1143?
He left Baldwin III at only 13 with a female regent, his mother Melisende
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Why was Christian disunity a factor in the fall of Edessa in 1144?
Raymond II of Antioch refused to send troops and Melisende couldn't muster a force quick enough because some wouldn't accept her authority because she was a woman
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Why was the Second Crusade divided from the beginning?
Pope Eugenius gave support to King Alfonso VII of Castile to attack Spanish Muslims of Almeria, Bernard encouraged attacks in Iberia especially in Lisbon, both encouraged attacks on the Wends of the Baltic coast
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What had King Louis VII of France failed to do in June 1147?
He had failed to provided enough supplies forcing him to ask his regent for more funds. Lack of supplies led to a lack of discipline
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What disaster struck King Conrad III of Germany's army in September 1147?
He had camped on a flood plain 3 days from Constantinople and a flood drowned horses and crusaders and destroyed equiptment
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What happened when the German's did not wait for the French army and left Nicaea in October 1147?
Their food began to run and out they suffered constant attacks from the Seljuks. They turned back 3 days after Dorylaeum
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When did Conrad return to Constantinople?
November 1147
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What was the consequence of Louis choosing to leave the coast and travel through the mountains?
He faced constant attacks from the Seljuks and at Mount Cadmus he lost a huge number of men and gave the leadership of his army to the Templars
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What was Raymond of Antioch's plan and why didn't Louis agree in May 1148?
Raymond wanted to take Aleppo but Louis didn't agree because he was jealous of the relationship between Raymond and his wife, he wanted to meet up with Conrad in Acre
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When did Conrad, Louis, Baldwin III and Melisende decide to take Damascus?
Jube 1148
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Why did the siege of Damascus fail?
The Crusader army moved to a water less, exposed side of Damascus forcing them into retreat
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What were the consequences of the Battle of Inab in 1149?
Raymond II of Antioch was killed and Joscelin of Edessa was captured forcing King Baldwin III to be regent for both
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When did Baldwin III besiege Melisende in the Holy City?
1152
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Why did the attack on Shaizar in 1157 fail?
Count Thierry of Flanders and Reynald of Antioch couldn't agree over who should have the lordship of the city if it fell
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When was Reynald of Antioch captured?
1160 and was imprisoned at Aleppo
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Why did Fulk have to leave intervention in Egypt in 1163?
He found out of the fall of Harim and Banyas to Nur al-Din
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What hardened Muslim opposition to the Franks throughout Egypt in 1168?
Amalric's bloody and rapacious sack of Bilbais
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Why did Amalric retreat from Egypt in 1168?
He had hoped to intercept Shirkuh before he reached the Nile but was too late and was heavily outnumbered
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When did the attack on Damietta fail?
Autumn 1169
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was Godfrey left with only 300 knights and 2,000 infantrymen in Jerusalem by 1099?

Back

Most of the crusaders left with Robert of Normandy and Robert of Flanders taking ship from Syria

Card 3

Front

When did Godfrey fail to capture Arsuf?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How was Godfrey's leadership of Jerusalem threatened in 1099?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was Bohemond captured by Armenian Turks when raiding beyond his northern borders?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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