Phobia Flashcards

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Definition of a phobia?
A persistent fear leading to great anxiety that is: 1)Excessive, 2) Unreasonable and 3) Irrational.
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3 types of phobia?
1) Simple/specific phobia, 2) Social phobia, 3) Agoraphobia.
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Genetic Aetiology main points?
1) 20-40% heritability, 2) increased risk of phobia if family member has one.
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Structures involved in the fear circuit?
1)Amygdala, 2)Medial Frontal Cortex
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Neurotransmitters in the fear circuit?
1) Serotonin, 2) Noradrenaline, 3) GABA.
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Behavioural Aetiology 2 main points?
1) Classical conditioning is the cause, 2) Operant conditioning maintains the phobia.
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Observational learning main points?
1) Modelling - observe someone being fearful to something = fear. 2) Childrearing - overprotective parents/parents reactions.
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Preparedness & Evolution main points?
1)Born with innate fear - things were real threats to ancestors, 2) Born wary of certain things. 3) Some argue fear is learned in first years.
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Cognitive main points?
1) Caused by cognitive biases/maladaptive thinking, 2)Phobics attend to threat-relevant material more.
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Psychodynamic main points?
1)Phobia = expression of unconscious conflicts. 2) Little Hans, 3) anxiety from repressed id drives. 4) Ego uses displacement/projection as defense.
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What are the 2 behavioural therapies?
1) Systematic desensitisation. 2) Implosion Therapy/Flooding.
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What happens in observational learning treatment?
Watch filmed or live models dealing with phobic stimulus = less anxiety.
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What are the 2 types of biomedical treatment?
1)Anti-anxiety drugs (minor tranquilisers). 2) Cortisol treatment.
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What is used in psychotherapy?
1)Dream Analysis. 2) Free Association.
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Is there a need for cognitive therapy?
Person knows fear is irrational so little point changing thoughts BUT! can try to change beliefs if faulty/reappraise actual level of danger.
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What is needed for maximum effectiveness of treatment?
Integration of the different therapy options.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3 types of phobia?

Back

1) Simple/specific phobia, 2) Social phobia, 3) Agoraphobia.

Card 3

Front

Genetic Aetiology main points?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Structures involved in the fear circuit?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Neurotransmitters in the fear circuit?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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