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what is a public sector?
Owned by local authorities, funded by taxes and usually run at a loss
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What is a private sector?
Owned by companies or individuals and is run to make money
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What does public sector leisure mean?
Where anybody in the area can go to and the government provides facilities for them to use
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What does private sector leisure mean?
Where anybody who wants better facilities can go to a private gym and pay money to get it. The money goes to the owners to keep it clean etc.
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What is an ectomorph?
It is someone who is tall and thin
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What sport is best suited for a ectomorph?
Basketball because their tall and thin so its easier to reach the net.
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What is an Mesomorph?
Someone who has wide shoulders and narrow hips. A muscular body and not much fat. Strong arms and thighs for power.
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What sport is best suited for a mesomorph?
Swimming because if your muscular its easier to get more power when in a race
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what is an Endomorph?
Someone who has a lot of mass
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What sport is best suited for a endomorph?
Sumo wrestler because they have to be strong and they have weight on them
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What is a role model?
Someone who you look up to and want to be like as they do things which inspire you
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What are positive influences?
financial support (kit/coaching). Providing transport. Parents as a role model
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What are negative influences?
Negative attitudes towards sport. Not prepared to spend money of kit etc. Not able to provide support
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What does recreation mean?
Any form of play, amusement or relaxation performed as game sports or hobbies
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What does competitive mean?
Any activity that involves some form of contest, rivalry or games
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how can the weather affect training and competing? Can you think of any high profile examples?
If the weather is bad, maybe raining for example this could flood the pitches in a football match. The game would have to be called off.
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What is pollution?
Pollution is the presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects
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What is altitude?
This the height of an area above sea level
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What is humidity?
This relates to the amount of water vapour in the air
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What is dehydration? How can it be avoided?
It is when you are thirsty so you have a lack of water in your body. You prevent dehydration by drinking more water and staying out of sunlight
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What does terrain mean?
You location (local landscape)may be crucial to your sport. For example- you need slopes and snow as a skier. Sea and surf as a surfer
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What role does our skeleton play in enabling us to participate in physical activity?
It protects and supports your muscles, and gives the body a good posture.It also helps the body move around.
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What does support mean?
The skeleton supports the soft tissue likes skin and muscles. Without the skeleton we would collapse.
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What does protection mean?
Bones are very tough.They protect delicate organs likes the brain, lungs and heart
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What does movement mean?
The skeleton enables movement to occur. The skeleton provides a point of attachment for muscles allowing movement to occur at a joint.
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What does extension mean?
Opening the angle at a joint
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What does flexion mean?
Closing the angle at a joint
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What does adduction mean?
Moving a limb towards the centre of the body
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What does abduction mean?
Moving a limb away from the centre of the body
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What does rotation mean?
Turning a limb clockwise or anti clockwise
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What is a ball and socket?
Your hips and shoulders and ball and socket joints
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What type of movement does a ball and socket allow?
Any movement
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Give an example of when using your ball and socket joint
Shoulder- bowling in cricket. Hips- running/ splits in gymnastics
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What is a hinge joint?
Your knees and elbows are hinge joints
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What type of movement does a hinge joint allow?
Flexion and extension
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Give an example of when you would use your hinge joint?
Kicking or throwing a ball
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Name 2 long bones in the body
Femur and humerus
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Name a short bone in the body
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Name a flat bone in the body
The skull
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Name an irregular bone in the body
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What are voluntary muscles?
They are under our concious control, we decide when we use them.
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Give some examples of some voluntary muscles
Tricep, bicep, hamstrings, quadricep
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What are involuntary muscles?
The work automatically with no conscious.
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Give some examples of involuntary muscles
Stomach, bladder, heart
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Which muscle work together?
Tricep and Bicep
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What are tendons?
They attach muscles to bones. They are white, flexible and very strong
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What are ligaments?
They attach bones to bones
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what is insertion?
The end of a muscle that is attached to the bone that moves
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What does antagonistic movement mean?
When pairs of muscles work together
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What is a prime mover?
The muscles that initially contracts to start the movement also know as the agonist
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What does antagonist mean?
The muscle that relaxes to allow a movement to take place
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What is aerobic respiration?
The presence of oxygen.
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Give a sporting example of aerobic respiration
Marathon runner
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What is anaerobic respiration?
The absence of oxygen, no oxygen is available
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What is lactic acid?
A mild poison thats found in your muscles when you have ran out of oxygen
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Give an example of anaerobic respiration
100 m
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What 3 functions are they of the circulatory system?
temperature regulation , protection and transportation
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What are the 3 main blood vessels?
arteries, capillaries and veins
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Name a long term effect of exercise on the circulatory system
more red blood cells are produced
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Name 5 of the general fitness
speed, strength, stamina,suppleness, somatotype
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name the components of specific fitness
power, co-ordination, balance, agility, reaction time and timing
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What does general fitness mean?
How healthy you are and can do every day activities without feeling tired.
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What does specific fitness mean?
The fitness required to play a sport at a high level.
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What does balance mean?
The ability to maintain a given posture in static and dynamic situations and to be bale to stay level and stable.For example- gymnast on a balance beam.
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What does power mean?
The is the comination of the maximum amount of speed with the maximum amount of strength. For example- a 100m coming out of blocks
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What does agility mean?
The is the combination of flexibility and speed and is the ability to move quickly, changing direction and speed. Eg: goal keeper changing direction
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What does timing mean?
The ability to lnk all parts of a movement into one efficient smooth movement and is the ability to be able to control the body during physical activity. Eg: timing to intercept a ball in netball
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What does Co-ordination mean?
is the ability to coincide movements in relation to external factors.
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What does reaction time mean?
The time taken for the body or part of the body to respond to a stimulus
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What does suppleness mean?
The range of movement around a joint
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what does stamina mean?
The ability of the heart and lungs to keep operating during an endurance event
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What does strength mean?
The ability to bear weight
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What does speed mean?
This the ability to move all parts of the body as quickly as possible
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what does somatotype mean?
The body's shape and composition
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What are the principles of training?
specificity,progression, overload, reversibility, tedium
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Give an example of reversibility
when you overload to much you get an injury which can lead to reversibility
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What is weight training?
It improves and builds our muscles and strength
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What are reps?
how many times you do the movement
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What are sets?
a group of repetitions
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What is circuit training?
Uses a variety of different different activities that are known as stations
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Give an advantage of circuit training
You can design the circuit yourself
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Give an disadvantage of circuit training
You might need a lot of equipment
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What is interval training?
Fixed patterns of hight intensity and low intensity exercises.
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Give an advantage of interval training
dont need any equipment
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give an disadvantage of interval training
can become boring
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What is fartlek training?
changing speeds over and overs again. Changing intensity without stopping
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Give an advantage of fartlek
Speed will be improved
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give an disadvantage of fartlek
not suitable for certain people
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what is continous training?
involves consintly running at the same pace all the time
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Give a advantage of continous training
increases your stamina
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Give a disadvantages of continous
can get boring
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What is altitude training?
Training on high altitudes
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give an advantages of altitude training
Lungs carry more oxygen
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Give a disadvantage of altitude training
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Card 2


What is a private sector?


Owned by companies or individuals and is run to make money

Card 3


What does public sector leisure mean?


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Card 4


What does private sector leisure mean?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is an ectomorph?


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