What is a Healthy, active lifestyle?
Having a healthy and active lifestyle means that a person contributes positivley to physical, social and mental wellbeing. This can be achieved by:
- Regular exercise and physical activity
- Eating a balanced diet
- Avoiding harmful substances (e.g. Smoking, drinking alcohol regularly and drugs)
- Sustaining friendships.
Benefits of physical activity fall under 3 main categories:
Physical - Improving health and fitness
Mental - Reducing stress and relieving related problems
Social - Making and developing friendships and builidng teamwork skills
Physical Mental Social
- Physical Challenge | -Contribute to enjoyment in life | - Develop teamwork
- Increase fitness |-Helps individual feel good |-Work with others
- Improve perfomance |-Improve self esteem and confidence |-Meet old/new friends
- Contribute to good physical health | -Mental challenge
How can participation in sport can stimulate the f
Cooperation - You will be working with other people and helping others to achieve their goals and your own.
Competition - You will be testing yourself againts others and seeing how you can improve
Physical Challenge - When doing a sport, you will be testing yourself and your body againts the environment or your best perfomances and you will be trying to improve and challenging yourself to get better.
Aesthetic appreciation - Being able to recognise quality perfomances in a sport, for example in gymnastics.
Influences of taking part (1)
PEOPLE --> Many different people can influence us to start taking part in sport such as: Family, Friends and Role Models.
- Family can influence you by making you start a sport at a young age
- Friends can influence you by making you take part in a sport with them as a group
- Role models can influence you as you may look up to them and want to be like them, for example, a young boy may want to start football so that he can be like his role model David Beckham.
CULTURAL INFLLUENCES -->
- Age - age can put limits on what sport an individual may take up.
- Gender - Males and females are both encouraged to take part in sport and in most cases, both male and female will compete with the same gender.
- Disabilities - Even if you have some sort of disability, you are still encouraged to do sports and there are competetions you can take part in which includes people with the same disability. There is also the Paralympics.
Influences of taking part (2)
CULTURAL INFLUENCES -->
- Race - Taking part in an activity can be influenced by ethnic background. Many ethnic groups participate in sport but have other factors that can affect their opportunities.
- Fashion - Sports clothing is always worn by people who are taking part in sport and what we wear is usually influenced by what we see our role models wearing. E.G. the latest running shoes that Jessica Ennis wears.
- Media Coverage -When sports are shown on TV and in newspapers and magazenes, it is automatically promoting it and making it more popular.
Influences of taking part (3)
- Availability - If people want to take part in a sport, there needs to be suitable facilities and the correct resources available
- Location - Participation in sport depends on what is locally available, some places not have any facilities available for sport.
- Access -Facilities need to be easily accessable. If they cannot be reached by foot or bike then easy access by public transport is important.
- Time - Facilities need to be open at the right time.Which means that they should probably be open in the evenings and on weekends for students and in the holidays.
SOCIO - ECONOMIC -->
- The amount of money that a person earns will influence them on a sport as some sports may be more expensive to train for as they have to buy all of the correct uniform and equiptment.
Influences of taking part (4)
HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
- Illness - if you are ill then you should not take part in a sport.
- Health problems - Some activies may not be suitable for people with particular health problems and should be cautious on what sports they choose.
- Taking part in a sport and exercising regularly can reduce the risk of devleoping some health problems
- It is possible to be fit but not healthy. For example if a top athlete has the flu, he is still fit but is not healthy.
Oppertunities for getting involved in a sport
What are the roles?
To be involved with sport you do not have to just be a player/ participant. There are lots of different roles available in the sporting world.
Other roles you take part in during your pe course are;
The government has introduced a policy to make sure that all pupils recieve 2 hours of PE per week and this will hopefully encourage participation and student fitness.
Oppertunities for getting involved in a sport (2)
Sport England is an organisation that is committed to creating opportunities for people to Start, Stay and Succeed in sport.
The youth sports trust
TOP programmes are designed to get KS4 pupils (14-16 yrs) to organise and sports activities and dance festivals in local primary and special schools.
Various supermarket chains and and other enterprises run voucher programmes that allow schools and families to collect totals and use these to buy sports and exercise equipment.
The Particpation pyrimid is used to show the mass of participation from the bottom to the top.