P.E Revision

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  • Created by: beth_lish
  • Created on: 15-05-14 19:51
What is Competence? Give an example
The ability to learn skills and apply them - knowing when to shoot in basketball
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What is Performance? Give an example
Producing effective outcomes - reading a game situation well and making appropriate decisions
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What is creativity? Give an example
Experimenting and exploring new tactics and techniques- trying different techniques at long jump
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What is a healthy active live style in relation to the key concepts?
Understanding the purpose of Physical activities making us healthy
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Explain how running can be assessed?
By how quick you run a 100m sprint
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How can throwing be assessed?
In the accuracy and distance of the throw
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How can jumping be assessed?
The height or distance of the jump in sport, style in dance
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How can catching be assessed?
The ability to keep possession of the ball when caught.
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How can kicking be assessed?
In accuracy and distance
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How can Hitting be assessed?
In the accuracy and distance of the hit/
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What decision might a performer make?
To pass or shoot
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What decision might a coach make?
Who to put on the team
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What decision might an official make?
Whether to give a red card or not.
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Give three reasons why etiquette is important.
1.) Enjoyment, 2.) Safety, 3.)Equality
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Give an examples of etiquette
Clapping an opponent on or off, admitting a foul, listening to the official.
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What are the 5 components of a healthy balanced life style?
Cardiovascular endurance, Muscular endurance, Strength, Speed, Flexability.
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What is Cardiovascular endurance and how can it be measured?
Cardiovascular system is the heart, blood and blood vessels and can be measured by the bleep test
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What is muscular endurance?
The ability to keep going without rest
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What is Speed and how is it measured?
The ability to move quickly, 30m sprint.
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What is strength and how is it measured?
The ability to exert force for a short time, 1 Rep max.
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What is flexibility and how is it measured?
Range of movement around a joint, sit and reach.
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Give the four stages of a warm up.
Pulse raiser, static and dynamic stretches, mobilising and sports specific.
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Why is the cool down important?
It gradually decreases... risk of injury or muscle fatigue, blood pressure, body temperature, breathing rate etc
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Give the 5 main characteristics of skill full movement
Efficient, fluent, coordinated, aesthetic, predetermined.
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What is a performance goal?
Improving a specific skill, eg a backhand hit in tennis
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What is an outcome goal?
a long term goal such as winning a game.
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What can be tested during health screening?
BMI, blood pressure, cholesterol level, blood sugar level, family history, lifestyle factors and resting heart rate
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What should be considered when checking the validity of tests?
Health and safety checks have been done, testing has been recorded correctly and makes sure all tests are fair,
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Give the Components of a healthy diet.
Carbohydrates, protein, water, fats, minerals, vitamins and fibre.
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What do carbohydrates do?
They can be simple sugars which are quick release energy (glucose) or complex starches which give slow release energy (pasta)
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What do proteins do?
Aid muscle repair speed.(meat)
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What does water do?
Keep the body and cells hydrated and flushes away any unwanted toxins
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What do fats do?
Energy source for low intensity exercise. Unsaturated fats are thing such as nuts and saturated are thing such as cake.
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What do minerals do?
Iron is needed to help haemoglobin and calcium for bones and teeth.
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What do vitamins do?
Vitamins help prevent disease
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What does fibre do?
Helps bowel movements.
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What are the characteristics of a healthy diet?
Enjoying food, avoiding too much fat, avoiding too much sugar, getting sufficient intake of vitamins and minerals, simply having a balanced diet.
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What are the characteristics of a healthy lifestyle?
having a balanced diet, regularly exercising, not smoking, not drinking too much alcohol and having low stress levels
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Give the 8 general factors that affect performance.
Age, disability, gender, alcohol consumption, smoking, anabolic steroids and blood doping.
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Why does age affect participation?
If you are older you typically are less fit so can participate less as the body cannot take as much strain
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Why does disability affect participation?
They may have lack of self esteem or suffer from discrimination
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Why does gender affect participation?
Some sports are traditionally male or female.
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Why does alcohol affect participation?
Gives energy that is not available for use when doing exersice
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Why does smoking affect participation?
You have a higher blood pressure and cannot endure for as long
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Why does steroids affect participation?
Can cause addiction or depression and also have bad side effects.
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What is blood doping?
The removal of a pnt of blood a few weeks before a race and then reinsertion so that more oxygen can be carried around.
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What are the effects of blood doping?
Liver and kidney tumours, high blood pressure and being banned from sport.
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Give the six indicators of health and well being.
Satisfaction with aspects of life, Frequency of positive and negative feelings, Frequency of activities that have a positive or negative impact, access to green space, level of participation, positive mental health.
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Give the five methods of exercise and training
circuit, aerobics, aqua aerobics, yoga, pilates.
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What is circuit training and why is it good?
A set of stages that last a short duration and work on different muscles, it can increase strength or skill
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What is aerobics and why is it good?
low intensity exercise that is usually done to music.
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What is aqua aerobics and why is it good?
it is aerobics within water, gives support to the joints which is good for the elderly.
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What is yoga and why is it good?
Yoga is the aim of consoling the body and mind, it develops strength and flexibility.
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What is pilates and why is it good?
Pilates is an activity that tries to improve physical and mental health and can also build core strength.
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What four types of peolple are excluded by sport?
Elderly, women, ethnic minority and the disabled
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What are the five most popular sports?
Walking, cycling, swimming, aerobics and cue sports.
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Why do people participate?
Hobby, enjoyment, stress relief, socialise, keep in good shape, health requirments.
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Why do people not participate?
Too much technology, no time, it is not forced upon you, no enjoyment, disability, inury.
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Give cultural and locational reasons that affect participation
You cannot ski in england, Religion, race, Education, disability, age, gender, climate, access.
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Give the five school key processes.
Learning skills and applying them, making and applying decisions, evaluating and improving, developing physical and mental capacity, understanding a healthy active lifestyle,
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Give the 6 pathways for involvement.
Reaching the highest possible level, volunteering, qualification/coaching, Regularly getting involved, taking part in school, involvement in increasingly challenging activities.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Performance? Give an example

Back

Producing effective outcomes - reading a game situation well and making appropriate decisions

Card 3

Front

What is creativity? Give an example

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a healthy active live style in relation to the key concepts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain how running can be assessed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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