observation key terms

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event sampling
observers keep count of each time a particular behaviour occurs
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time sampling
observers decide on a time interval- at the end of the time interval the observer notes any particular bahaviours
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controlled observation
where the researcher controls same variables. ( These observations may be carried out in a labratory type of situation)
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naturalistic observation
where the researcher records behaviour in a natural enviroment
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non participant observation
researcher doesn't join in the activity being observed
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participant observation
observer is also a participant in the activity
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Overt (disclosed) Observation
participants are aware they are being obsereved
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Covert (undisclosed) Observation
participants aren't aware they are being observed
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direct observation
looking at it with your own eyes
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indirect observation
makes use of pre-recorded behaviour from secondary sources
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reliability
consistency of a measure
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validity
acuracy of measure
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ecological validity
refers to how well a study can be related to or reflects everyday, real life
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structured observation
where researchers design a type of coding scheme to record the participants behavior
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unstructured observation
the research records all relevant behaviour but has no system
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inter-rater reliability
comparing or correlating the observations of two or more obserfers and checking for consistency in line
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Card 2

Front

observers decide on a time interval- at the end of the time interval the observer notes any particular bahaviours

Back

time sampling

Card 3

Front

where the researcher controls same variables. ( These observations may be carried out in a labratory type of situation)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

where the researcher records behaviour in a natural enviroment

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

researcher doesn't join in the activity being observed

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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