Obedience: Situational Variables

Why did Milgram carry out variations of his experiment?
To consider situational variables which may create greater or lesser obedience
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Give the three variations Milgram carried out:
Proximity, Location and Uniform
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How did obedience rates change when the proximity changed?
The learner and teacher were in the same room and the obedience rate dropped. When the teacher had to force the learner's hand onto the 'electroshock plate' the obedience rate fell yet further
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How did obedience rates change when the location changed?
Original study was in a univeristy setting. When in a run-down building the experimenter had less authority therefore obedience rates fell
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How did obedience rates change when the uniform of the experimenter changed?
Original uniform was a lab coat. Obedience rate fell when experimenter was dressed in ordinary clothes
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What support is there for this research?
Bickman found that people obeyed someone in a security guards outfit when asked to pick up litter more than one in a milkmans uniform or when dressed in a jacket and tie
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Why did Milgram's original study lack internal validityand is the effect of this on the varied studies?
Ppts. believed to have worked out that procedure was faked and this would be more likely with the extra manipulation in the varied studies
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Give a strength of Milgram's research:
The findings can be applied to other cultures as demonstrated through cross-cultural replications
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Give an example of someone who ran a cross-cultural replication:
Psychologist in Spain. Found over 90% obedience rate using Milgram's study
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What is the issue with only carrying out these cross-cultural replication studies in Western cultures?
They are similar to the USA therefore theres no guarentee that findings could be applied to non-western cultures
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Did Milgram have control of variables and what was the effect of this?
He had good control over his variables which means the study is more reliable
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What is meant by the term 'obedience alibi'?
Milgram's study was criticised for offering an alibi for evil/ bad behaviour with his variations of location, uniform or proximity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give the three variations Milgram carried out:

Back

Proximity, Location and Uniform

Card 3

Front

How did obedience rates change when the proximity changed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did obedience rates change when the location changed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did obedience rates change when the uniform of the experimenter changed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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