Obedience: situational variables

  • Created by: ZoeRanger
  • Created on: 28-11-18 09:10
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  • Obedience: situational variables
    • Weaknesses
      • Variations may lack internal validity
      • Milgram's conclusions provide an 'obedience alibi'
    • Location
      • Run-down building instead of Yale University
      • obedience fell to 47.5%
        • Experimenter had less authority
    • Proximity
      • Touch proximity variation
        • hand onto shock plate - fell to 30%
      • 'Remote-instruction' proximity variation
        • instructions by phone - fell to 20.5% - some pretended
      • Proximity variation
        • Teacher and learner in the same room - 65% fell to 40%
    • Strengths
      • Research has been replicated in other cultures
      • Control of variables
      • Research support for the influence of situational variables
    • Uniform
      • Original study - grey lab coat
      • Everyday clothes - obedience dropped to 20%
        • uniforms does act as a strong visual of authority symbol and a cue to behave in an obedient manner

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