Milgram- Procedures

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What did Milgram's research involve?
Observing pps under tightly controlled conditions.
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What did Milgram's sample consist of?
40 males aged 20-50 using a volunteer sample- with an advert in New Haven News. Paid $4.50 for turning up. Told the research (at Yale university) was about memory, learning and punishment.
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How did the pps vary?
The pps had a range of different jobs, from postal clerks to engineers. Pps' education varied from very low level to a doctorate (Phd).
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What were the 3 people involved in the research?
'teacher' (naive pp), 'learner' (Mr Wallace- confederate, 47 yr old accountant) and 'experimenter' (confederate- 31 yr old biology teacher)
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How did they decide who was 'teacher' and who was 'learner'?
They drew lots that were rigged (both said teacher) so the genuine pp was always teacher.
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What was the first thing the 3 people did after they had decided on their role?
Went into the next room to rig up the 'learner' using barrier paste, wired etc.
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What was the sample shock the 'teacher was given'?
45 volts using a hidden battery.
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Was was on the shock generator?
30 switches, plus labels at every switch saying things such as 'danger:severe shock' and 'XXX'.
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When was the pp 'teacher' told to give a shock to the learner?
When he made a mistake in a word pair test.
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How much did the shock increase by each time the 'learner' made a mistake?
15 volts.
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When were prods given to the 'teacher' by the 'experimenter'?
If the pp 'teacher' hesitated. e.g. 'the experiment requires that you continue'.
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What did the teacher believe about the shocks?
They believed the shocks were real even though they were not.
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After how many volts did the learner go quiet?
The pp could hear them groaning in pain in the next room but after about 315 volts they went quiet.
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How did Milgram address some ethical issues?
Debriefing and interviewing pps straight after the study- telling them the real purpose of the experiment and that the shocks were fake. He ensured the pps were in a 'state of well-being' before they left the study.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Milgram's sample consist of?

Back

40 males aged 20-50 using a volunteer sample- with an advert in New Haven News. Paid $4.50 for turning up. Told the research (at Yale university) was about memory, learning and punishment.

Card 3

Front

How did the pps vary?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the 3 people involved in the research?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did they decide who was 'teacher' and who was 'learner'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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