MB1 - Learning

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  • Created by: Psych951
  • Created on: 01-05-18 11:13

1. Which of these adaptive mechanisms does NOT describe learning processes?

  • Natural selection
  • Knowing the consequences of events
  • Paying attention to important event
  • Using stimuli to predict important events
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2. Which of these cognitive behaviours increases strength of conditioning?

  • Latent inhibition due to prior exposure to NS
  • Expectancy of CS to predict UCS
  • Blocking due to prior association
  • Paying strong attention to an association and then later being exposed to stimulus paired in another association.

3. Which of the following describes a true difference between classical and operant conditioning?

  • Classical can involve discrimination but operant does not
  • Classical is automatic elicited behaviours, operant is emitted chosen behaviours.
  • Classical is caused by consequences and operant is caused by associations
  • Classical does not involve extinction but operant does.

4. Which of these describes the process of discrimination in classical conditioning?

  • Applying a conditioned response to some stimulus but not others
  • Remembering an extinguished association without more learning trials
  • Applying a conditioned response to similar stimulus
  • Weakening a conditioned response due to lack of UCS pairing (learnt inhibition)

5. What is the difference between primary and secondary reinforcers?

  • Primary satisfy emotional needs and secondary are associated with biological needs
  • Primary satisfy biological needs and secondary create possible opportunity to satisfy biological need indirectly
  • Primary are consequences we inflict on ourselves and secondary are consequences inflicted by others
  • Primary satisfy biological needs and secondary satisfy emotional needs

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