IT revision, pages 36-39 (revision guide)

What are the moral and ethical issues surrounding IT systems and the environment?
The increased demand in IT devices and systems means more factories and more energy needed to run the devices. Negative effects such as greenhouse gasses. Questions raised about how they're recycled.
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What are the moral and ethical issues surrounding IT systems and online behaviour?
People are expected to have 'netiquette' whilst using online services. For example, using offensive language, sharing offensive content and online bullying are all seen as both unethical and morally wrong.
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What are the moral and ethical issues surrounding IT systems and people with unequal access?
Moral and ethical issues regarding how not everyone has access to IT systems and the internet. Also, ethical and moral issues surrounding people who can't afford the latest technology.
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What is globalisation?
It describes the process of countries becoming increasingly interconnected, particularly the increase in trade, transport and communications.
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What are the ethical and moral issues surrounding IT systems and globalisation?
Caused things such as job outsourcing, disease spreading, environmental damage and terrorism.
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How is freedom of speech controlled and monitored online by companies?
Businesses often set out an acceptable use policy and a privacy policy in which users must follow and abide by. For instance, online bullying isn't tolerated on social media sites and users will be banned.
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What are the health and safety issues with IT systems?
RSI (repetitive strain injury), eye and back problems.
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How can these injuries be prevented?
With the implication of regular breaks for staff, ergonomic equipment and adjustable equipment.
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What is the piece of legislation that prevents copyright?
Copyright and patents act.
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What is copyright?
The illegal use of other peoples content without their permission. For instance, using someone else's photos, videos and streaming films illegally.
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What are the ethical and moral issues surrounding computer misuse?
Moral and ethical issues such as attacks on computer systems, such as viruses, hacking and denial of service (DOS).
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What are the moral and ethical issues surrounding IT systems and privacy?
Moral and ethical issues such as personalised ads, identity theft, and persistent emails from businesses.
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What are the moral and ethical issues surrounding IT systems and accessibility?
Ethical and moral issues surrounding people with disabilities and how they may not be able to access them. Also seen in poorer countries, they cannot access systems and devices.
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Name the 7 main pieces of legislation regarding the use of IT systems and devices.
Copyright and Patents Act. Consumer Rights Act. Police and Justice Act. Computer Misuse Act. The Copyright (Computer Programs) Regulations. Health and Safety Regulations. Data Protection Act.
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Name 3 rules from the DPA.
Data must be kept safe and secure, Data must be used for the intended purpose, Data must not be transferred outside the EU, Data must not be held longer than necessary, Data must be kept up to date.
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What does the DPA do?
Ensure businesses use and keep data appropriately and it ensures customers that their data is safe and being used appropriately.
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What are the 4 main rules on the computer misuse act?
1) Unauthorised access to computer systems and material. 2) Unauthorised access with intent to commit or facilitate a crime. 3) Unauthorised modification of computer material. 4) Making, supplying or obtaining anything which can be used in computer
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What does the copyright and patents act protect?
Protects the rights of creators or original pieces of work and prevents other from distributing this work without permission.
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What is a denial of service attack?
Aims to disrupt an IT system e.g a web server, and prevent user access.
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What is the police and justice act 2006?
An amendment to the computer misuse act so that it covers denial of service attacks (DOS).
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Why is legislation implemented onto people/businesses
Ensures compliance, Encourages and builds trust in systems, Security is important.
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What are the benefits of legislation?
Individuals - they can trust systems and be sure their personal data is protected. Society - the use of powers is transparent and clear. Organisations - their reputation is ensured.
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What is the role of the disability discrimination acts of 1995 and 2005 as well as the equality act?
Was the main legislation banning discrimination on the basis of disability.
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What is the role of the British standards institute?
Covers a wide range of subjects including accessibility. They're in place to ensure compliance with legislation.
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How is the equality act relevant to IT systems?
Website owners and hosts must have obligations to make their sites accessible to all. Service providers must provide special computer software or additional staff support to make their systems accessible at no extra charge.
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How is the British standards institute relevant to IT systems?
Aims to ensure that web products are accessible to users with a physical impairment or learning difficulty.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the moral and ethical issues surrounding IT systems and online behaviour?

Back

People are expected to have 'netiquette' whilst using online services. For example, using offensive language, sharing offensive content and online bullying are all seen as both unethical and morally wrong.

Card 3

Front

What are the moral and ethical issues surrounding IT systems and people with unequal access?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is globalisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the ethical and moral issues surrounding IT systems and globalisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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