Introduction to Sociology

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What are norms? Give examples.
Social expectations or rules that govern our behaviour in particuar situations eg. eating with cutlery, brushing your teeth, wearing shoes.
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What are values? Give examples.
Ideas pr beliefs about general principles or goals, which tell society's members what is good or important in life and what to aim for eg, equalits, NHS-welfare state, democracy, education
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What are roles? Give examples.
How someone occupies a particular status is expected to act eg. student, friends, daughter, teacher
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What is ascribed status? Give examples.
Position in society that is fixed, i.e. that we are born with and cannot normally change eg. sex, ethnicity
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What is acquired status? Give examples.
Position that is gained through our own efforts and abilities such as going to university or being promoted in work eg. manager, celebrity, rich
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What is socialisation?
Socialisation refers to the process in which an individual learns the culture and behaviours of the society or social group they are part of.
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What are the two types of socialisation?
Primary and secondary
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What is the definition of primary socialisation?
Primary socialisation takes place in early childhood and it offers the basic norms and values of the family and culture
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Who are the primary socialisation agents?
Family and peers
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Examples of what is taught in primary socialisation.
The language you speak, manners, how to walk, how to talk, how to eat and how to dress yourself
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What is the definition of secondary socialisation?
This involves external agencies and modifies (strengthens and advances) the primary socialisation. Teaches specialist skills and situations
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Who are the secondary socialisation agents?
Religion, media, education, law, government, work
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Examples of what secondary socialisation teaches us.
values/morals, education, knowledge, media- trends and stereotypes, time management, organisation, respect, religion, meaning of life
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Which three theories take a macro approach?
Funtionalism, Marxism and feminism
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Which two theories that the micro approach?
Interactionism and postmodernism
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What is the difference between conflict and consensus theories? (MACRO ONLY)
Consensus theories believe society is based on agreed norms and values. Conflict theories think that institutions teach negative norms and values which divides us leading to exploitation and control.
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What are values? Give examples.

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Ideas pr beliefs about general principles or goals, which tell society's members what is good or important in life and what to aim for eg, equalits, NHS-welfare state, democracy, education

Card 3

Front

What are roles? Give examples.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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What is ascribed status? Give examples.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is acquired status? Give examples.

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