sociology plan

  • Created by: Daisymac
  • Created on: 12-02-19 18:14
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  • Using material from item a and your knowledge, evaluate the claim that schools reproduce class inequality (30)
    • Introduction
      • D- Marxist sociologists see education as based on class division and capitalist exploitation, in which it reproduces and legitimises class inequality
      • A-On one hand, Marxists would argue that this is the main function of education and this has been demonstrated by studies such as Bowles and Gintis' 1976 study of the correspondence principle and Willis' learning to labour
      • D- On the other hand,  postmodernists and feminists, along with functionalists, argue that this it not the problem as education now reproduces diversity and it sees non class inequalities as not important
      • A- However, to fully understand this, we need to look at both sides of the argument
    • Paragraph 1
      • As stated in item a...
      • P. Marxists see the state as the means by which the capitalist ruling class maintain their dominant position,
      • E- For example, the ideological state apparatuses maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie by controlling peoples ideas, values and beliefs
      • Education reproduces class inequality by transmitting it from one generation to the next, by failing each generation in tern
      • Evaluate- However, Post modernists criticise this as they argue that todays school reproduce diversity, not inequality
      • They show how the role that education plays as an ideological state apparatus, serving the interests of capitalism by reproducing and legitimising class inequality
    • Paragraph 2
      • Bowles and Gintis correspondence theory 1976
      • They argue capitalism requires a workforce with the kind of attitudes, behaviour and personality type suited to their role as alienated and exploited workers
      • Study of 237 New york high school students and demonstrated those with independence and creativity got lower grades but those who were obedient and discipline tended to gain higher grades
      • Close parallels between schooling and work in capitalist society
        • Eg hierarchies
        • Operates through hidden curriculum
        • Schooling prepares wc pupils for their role as exploited workers of the future, reproducing the workforce capitalism needs
      • Post modernists criticise bowles and gintis as todays post fordist economy requires schools to produce a different type of workforce from the one described by marxists
      • Feminists, such as MacDonald 1980 argue that they ignore the fact that schools do not only reproduce capitalism, but also patriarchy
    • Paragraph 3
      • Willis 1997 study of wc lads
      • studied the counter-school culture of the lads- a group of 12 wc boys
      • Placed little value on school
      • Notes similarities between the lads anti school subculture and the shop-floor culture
        • Both cultures see manual work as superior and intelligent work as effeminate


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