Information Processing Key Words

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  • Created by: ellward
  • Created on: 01-12-14 12:17
Input
seeing/hearing/feeling all the things tha are going on around you. This is known as perceiving the situation, or perceiving the relevant environmental factors
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Display
the environment that provides information for the senses
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Stimulus Identification Stage
sense organs detect information and recognise it for what it is
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Perception
the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting and organising sensory information
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Proprioception
information about the movement of our body in space; it's balance, position of limbs etc
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Kinaesthesis
a sense tells the brain about the movement of the muscles, tendons and joints; it is our sense of body-awareness or the position of various limbs in space
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Dectection, Comparison and Recognition
involves detecting the stimulus, comparing that stimulus to information stored in the memory, and recognising and identifying that stimulus
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Selective Attention
the process of picking out and focussing on those parts of the display that are relevant to our performance
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Memory
difficult to define and not fully understood, but best regarded as a set of storage areas which are 'places' to put information, plus a set of processes that act on what is in the stores
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Encoding
storing information. You may remember a new mobile number by repeating it over and over in your head. This is encoding
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Short-Term Sensory Store
large capacity temporary store for all incoming sensory information
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Short-Term Memory
also called the working memory - relates to what we are thinking about at any given moment in time. This is concious memory. It is created by our paying attention to an external stimulus, an internal thought, or both
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Long-Term Memory
a store of past experiences of almost limitless capacity and long duration
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Chaining
simplifying an action by reducing it into smaller links in a chain of events
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Mental Rehearsal
'running through' a performance in ones mind
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Response Selection
deciding how to respond; deciding what to do
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Reaction Time
the time taken to make a decision
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Movement Time
the time taken from the start of the response or movement to the end of the movement
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Response Time
the time from stimulus being given to the end of the response
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Choice Reaction Time
the time taken between stimulus and action which requires a choice
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Simple Reaction Time
the time taken to start a single response to a single stimulus
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Hicks Law
the more choices there are, the slower will be your reaction time
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Spatial Anticipation
is guessing a movement that will be needed
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Temporal Anticipation
is guessing what is about to happen
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Psychological Refractory Period
the delay in reponse to the second of two closely spaced stimuli. Ball players often attempt to increase the PRP in the opponents by disguising a shot or 'selling a dummy'
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Response Selection
choosing a motor programme
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Motor Programme
a series of muscle contractions that produce a movement; stored in long term memory
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Sub-routines
seperate movements that make up a whole skill
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the environment that provides information for the senses

Back

Display

Card 3

Front

sense organs detect information and recognise it for what it is

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting and organising sensory information

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

information about the movement of our body in space; it's balance, position of limbs etc

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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