Icons

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In What Year did Leo III destroy an icon on tha gate of a palace in constantinople?
727
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In What year did JOhn of Damascus write his "defence of Holy Images"?
732
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In What year was the 2nd council of NIcea?
786
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Who Called the 2nd council of nicea
Empress Irene
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When did the 2nd period of iconoclasm begin?
In 814 by Leo V
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Who Ended the 2nd period of iconoclasm and when?
In 843 by Empress Theodora
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What does Gold represent in an Icon?
Uncreated Light.
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What does red represent in an Icon?
Human Life/nature. Also Blood and suffering
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What does Blue represent in an icon?
Heaven. Also associated with theotokos
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What does Black represent in an Icon?
Death. death due to the sins of the world (cosmos on the pentecost icon)
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Why can Jesus be at Mary's death? ( the dormition)
God is uncreated. Created things like time do not apply to God. Therfore Past Present and future are co-existent for God. Also WHy Jesus is presented as having adult features as a baby. (christ Homonculus)
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2 reasons why light is important ?
1. It is the first bit of the icon to be painted as in Genesis 1:1 god says "Let there be light" 2. Icons represent the heavenly order, therefore it is uncreated light, hence why there are no shadows.
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Why are some characters bigger than others ?
Biggest person or thing is the most theologically important.
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What type of perspective do icons use and why?
They use reverse percpective. This means the image converged outside of the frame to where the worshiper is to include them in worship. This actualises the anagogic Function.
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What are the 4 funtions of Icons?
Didactic (Teach) Liturgical (public Worship - iconostasis) Devotional (private worship - icon corner) Anagogic (Lead worshipper upwards)
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What are the 4 Sataus' of an icon?
Dogmatic (church law) Canonical (accepted teaching of church) Conventional (follows church rules) Sacred (holy in its nature as the matter has been sanctified)
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John of Damascus on Old Testament Art
"Under the Old convenant God Commanded images to be made:first the tabernacle, and then everything in it"
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John of Damascus on Jesus as incarnation so can be present in art
"We make the image of God incarnate, who was seen on earth in the flesh"
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John of Damascus on Veneration
"Worship belongs to God alone, but we venerate to show honour to them"
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Which Bible versus did the 7th ecumenical council use to allow veneration of icons?
Exodus 25, Numbers 7, Hebrews 9, Genesis 31.
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What were the 4 arguments of the iconcoclasts
1. Icons are Idols 2. Created matter is evil 3. Holy things cannot be represented in art 4. Images are forbidden in scripture.
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In What year did JOhn of Damascus write his "defence of Holy Images"?

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732

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In What year was the 2nd council of NIcea?

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Who Called the 2nd council of nicea

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When did the 2nd period of iconoclasm begin?

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