50 Key Concepts in Theology and the Philosophy of Religion

These are a condensed version of the book '50 Key Concepts in Theology' by the noted scholar Hugh Rayment Pickard. I use his choice of concepts to create my descriptions/theories and ideas of the 50. 

This is a GREAT resource for anyone looking into Theology/RS/Philosophy of Religion/Biblical Criticism/Bible studies -- and anyone wanting to get started in theology!!

I wrote this ... so that someone who knew NOTHING could gain loads from it... but so could someone who is already well read in this subject.

I hope that this really helps you out - I've took a lot of time doing this, and I hope it pays off! :) Any queries, questions -- feel free to message me

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50 Key Concepts In
Abridged from:
`50 Key Concepts in Theology'
Hugh Rayment Pickard
`50 Key Concepts in Theology'

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Atheism: The conviction that God does not exist
Methodological atheism: the refusal of scientists to use God as
a shortcut for providing explanations
Non-cognitivism: the idea that God is an expression of human
thoughts and not based on fact
Atonement: Atonement is the `at-one-ment' or `reconciliation' of God with
humanity achieved by Christ's death on the cross.…read more

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The Council of Chalcedon (451): this council settled the question
of Jesus' divinity and humanity with this statement:
`Christ is truly God and truly man ... one and the same Christ.…read more

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Divine command theory: this states that God is not subject to
the same rules of goodness as humans and he determines what is
good through his ordinances
The Euthrypo dilemma: the problem posed by Socrates in
Plato's Euthrypo. Socrates asks whether `God' and `goodness' are
one and the same.…read more

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Evil: A key subject in theology as people ask why does an all loving God allow evil
to exist and some even argue the existence of `evil' as a concept at all
Moral evil: the suffering produced by human action. The evil will
blame humanity for but this begs the question asked by St
Augustine `who planted the seed of evil intention within us?'
Natural evil: is the suffering produced within nature itself. (e.g.
natural disasters).…read more

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Heaven and Hell: the mythical afterlife destination for the blessed and the
Elysium: the ancient Green resting place of the virtuous
Hades: the ancient Greek underworld
Limbo: the `nicest' part of hell ­ it is a place for virtuous
non-believers and unbaptised babies. The Catholic Church, claiming
it has never been officially doctrine, recently abolished the
doctrine.…read more

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Inclusive Theology: theology that emphasizes the openness of God towards
Gender-inclusive language: the use of language that does not
exclude or demean women ­ such as using `Godself' instead of
`himself' as the reflexive pronoun for God
General revelation: the term used to describe revelation which is
accessible to everyone
Lesbian/Gay theology: theology arising from the experience of
Queer theology: theology that challenges all the received norms
in gender and sexuality
Kairos: a view of time as a series of moments or opportunities…read more

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­ unless God intervened directly
Littlewoods's Law: an amusing and ludicrous theory that a
miracle is a 1 in a million event and so will happen to a human
about once a month
Providence: God's ongoing activity in nature and history
Mysticism: the belief that God can be encountered directly through prayer and
other spiritual disciplines
Asceticism: the practice of seeking religious insight by denying
oneself Earthly comforts
The numinous: a word indicating the many dimensions of the
sacred and spiritual
Ladder spirituality: this has…read more

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Apophatic theology: an alternative word for negative theology ­
the opposite of kataphatic (positive) theology
The Dark Night of the Soul: a spiritual discipline (described by St
John of the Cross) which sees the absence of knowledge as a
`secret ladder' to God
Otherness of God: the idea that God is essentially strange and
alien to us
Philosophy of Religion: the philosophical study of the truth claims,
presuppositions and arguments of religion
Analytical Philosophy of Religion: this tests the adequacy of
theological teachings by the…read more

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Late capitalist: a term used in preference to post-modern by
those who believe the post-modern era is one in which capitalism
has lost its ideological compass
Late-modern: a term used by some in preference to
post-modern because it is argued post-modernism is really just an
extension of modernist values and practices
Post-structuralism: a movement in literary theory that sees
linguistic meaning as fluid and purely conventional
The Liquid Church: an idea that sees Christianity as a fluid and
culturally immersed reality
Modernism: a term used…read more


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