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Before an organisation can recruit a new member of staff what must it provide?
Job Description and Person Specification
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What is a job description?
Explains the work to be done and typically set out the job title, location of work and main tasks of the employee
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List five items a job description might include
Job title, location of work, hours, main tasks, salary
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What is a person specification
Lists individual qualities of the person required e.g. qualifications, experience and skills
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List five items a person specification might include
Qualifications, experience, skills, personal qualities, knowledge
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What is external recruitment?
Recruiting someone from outside of the business
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What is internal recruitment?
Recruiting someone from inside of the business (who already works there)
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Give five examples of external recruitment
Website, local radio, local newspaper, shop window, flyers
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Two advantages and disadvantages of external recruitment
Advantages- New ideas and you won't lose anyone from the previous workforce Disadvantages- Training cost and not used to the working environment
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Three examples of internal recruitment
Noticeboard, meeting, company magazine
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Two advantages and disadvantages of internal recruitment
Advantages- no need for training and they wouldn't have to get to know staff Disadvantages- limited range of possible candidates and opportunity to bring new ideas is lost
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Two ways to apply for an advertised job
Job application and CV
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Three advantages for advertising on a website
Global - more people, fast, can be accessed 24/7
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Advantages for a business using a recruitment agency
Specific people can be found, they will get the right people for the job
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Benefits of using application forms rather than a CV
Condenes the information to what the business need
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Why is it good to be paid commission?
If you make more sales, you will earn more money
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Disadvantages of being paid commission
You may not make as much sales so you won't be paid as much
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What is a contract of employment?
An agreement between an employee and an employer and is the basis of the employment relationship
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Five items of information that are included in a contract of employment
Names of employee, start date, job title and description, place of work, hours, salary
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What is the difference between gross pay and net pay?
Gross pay is before all of the tax is taken off, that is net pay
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Three deductions from gross pay
National insurance, tax, pension
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What is meant by the term Time Rate
When employees are paid for the amount of time they spend at work
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What is meant by the term Bonus Payment?
Additional payment made to employees for performing above and beyond target
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One example of a bonus
Additional payment
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What is overtime?
Time worked in addition to an employees normal working hours
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What are the three different types of training?
Induction, On the job and off the job
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What is induction training?
Introduction for new started in order to enable them to do their work in a new profession or job role
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Five topics which may be included in an induction programme and how they are communicated to new employees
Health and safety, what the job includes, tour of the building, introduction to colleagues, agenda
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Why is training important to the company?
So that the new employee knows what to do and won't waste time when they start the job
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Difference between on the job training and off the job training
On the job is done in the workplace and off the job is done away from the workplace, e.g. at a college
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Two advantages of on the job
Can get to know people in the workplace, no travel costs
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Two disadvantages of on the job
Pick up on bad habits, potential disruption to production
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Two advantages of off the job
Wider range of skills can be obtained, will be more confident when starting the job
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Two disadvantages of off the job
More expensive (travel), lost working time
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What is teleworking?
When an employee works from home using email facilities to communicate with the workplace
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Four advantages of an employee working from home one day a week and in the workplace the rest of the week
Less distractions, comfortable, less travel cost, work around family commitments
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Four disadvantages of an employee working from home one day a week and in the workplace the rest of the week
Less human interaction, more difficult to work as part of a team, greater temptation to spend time on non work related activities and bigger distinction between work and home
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Five requirements of the Data Protection Act
Use fairly and lawfully, kept safe and secure, not kept longer than necessary, accurate, used for limited, specifically stated purposes
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What is an Equal Opportunities Employer?
An employer who agrees to not discriminate against any employee or job applicant because of their race, colour, religion, origin, sex, disability or age
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A man and a woman are payed different amounts for doing the same job. Is this legal?
No because it says under the Equal Pay Act that mean and women should be payed the same amount of money if they are doing exactly the same job
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Five laws that prevent discrimination within an organisation
Race Relations Act, Age Discrimination Act, Equal Pay Act, Sex Discrimination Act, Disability Discrimination Act
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Four main reasons for ending a persons employment
If they do something outside their contract that they shouldn't do, breaking regulations, inappropriate behaviour, underperformance
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On what grounds can a business dismiss a worker?
If they break a regulation
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What are fringe benefits?
Extra rewards that employees receive for being part of an organisation
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Two examples of fringe benefits
Company car, private health care
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Why do employers provide fringe benefits?
To motivate staff and make them want to work harder
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a job description?

Back

Explains the work to be done and typically set out the job title, location of work and main tasks of the employee

Card 3

Front

List five items a job description might include

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a person specification

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

List five items a person specification might include

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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