Geography AQA (The development Gap)

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  • Created by: Pumzy
  • Created on: 26-04-14 20:39
Economic Development
Including greater income and wealth through industrial growth.
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Social (Human Development
With better standards of living access to education, health, housing and leisure.
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Environmental Development
Bringing improvement and restoration of natural environment
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Political Development
With progress to effective representatives government
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Gross national product
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Gross national Income per person
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Economic indicators
Standard of living. How welthy or well-off people are, what they can afford to do and buy; it is higher in developed then in developing countries.
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Social (human) indicators
Quality of life. The less material elements such as health and lesuire. How well a person is able to enjoy their life between the extremes of living comfortably without being rich which is high quality and struggling to survive in low quality
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Infant mortality
Number of children die before their first birthday for every 1000 baby born per year.
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Death rate
How many people died for every 1000 people per year
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Birth rate
Number of babies are born for every 1000 people per year.
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Life expectancy
The average length of time a per person lives.
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People per doctor
The total population divided by the number of qualified doctors
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Adult literacy
The percentage of people who receive secondary education.
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Human development index
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Buy something from another country
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Sell something to another country
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Trade Deficit
You get less
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Trade surplus
You get more
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Primary product
A natural resource that can be used as a raw material in other industries.
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Cash crops
Crops grow for their monetary value. EG coffee
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Exporting at a price below the cost of production by rich countries. It create unfair competition for local producers. Giving food away as aid is one example.
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Free trade
When no quotas or tariffs are put on a country's goods to protect them from competition.
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Too much is produced to sell at a fair price. It is difficult to sell it all. Prices may fall below the cost of producing it.
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Each country agrees to produce a fixed amount of a product. It stops overproduction.
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Money from the goverment is paid to the producers; it helps pay some of their costs. It makes their products cheaper to sell. For example farmers in the UK receive this to help keep food cheap.
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A taxin things being imported from aboard. It makes them more expensive to sell. and protects local farmers or industries whose goods will be cheaper than imported ones.
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Fair trade
Trade without government traffs and subsidies prices and products determined by supply and demand.
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Debt relief
When a country cancels all amount of money that is owned to them.
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Humanitarian aid
Emergency aid (short term) Eg to areas hit by earthquakes, foods, hurricanes, tsunami, drought and volcanic eruption.
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Developmental aid
Long term (sustainable development) where organisations commit for a long term program eh technology development and education.
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Card 2


With better standards of living access to education, health, housing and leisure.


Social (Human Development

Card 3


Bringing improvement and restoration of natural environment


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Card 4


With progress to effective representatives government


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Card 5


Gross national product


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