key words 1/5
Tourism: the short-term movement of people to laces away from where they live and work, normally for pleasure but also business.
Package holiday: a tour where transport, accommodation and food are all included in one price.
Long-haul: a flight over a long distance, usually taking more than three hours to get to a location.
Short-haul: a short-distance flight, usually taking three hours of less.
Mass tourism: large numbers of people visiting the same area.
key words 2
21st-century tourism AND positives
Specialist holidays: holidays based on a particular area, interest or activity.
Fair trade tourism: makes sure the benefits go directly to those whose land, natural resources, work, knowledge, and culture are being used.
Event tourism: travel based around specific events whether sporting, cultural or historical.
Wilderness: an undeveloped and isolated environment.
Infrastructure: basic networks such as transport, power supplies and telecommunication.
Heritage tourism: visiting historical aspects of a country.
European city of culture: A city designated by the European Union for one year.
key words 3
Gross national income (GNI): a way of measuring the wealth of a country.
Economic activity: all the businesses and activities that create wealth for a country.
Development indicators: health, wealth, social statistics that show the level of development of a country.
Development gap: the difference between the rich and poor.
Volatility: when something is apt to change, often very quickly.
Boycott: showing your disapproval by refusing to go somewhere.
Multiplier effect: increased spending in one part of the economy generating spending in another. (Something leads to another – lack of education means poor health system and government etc)
Tsunami: a large wave caused buy an undersea earthquake.
key words 4
Challenges AND conflict AND development
Sustainable: meeting the needs of the present population without damaging the environment and local community for future generations.
Ecotourism: holidays that do little or no damage to the natural environment and local community.
Corporate responsibility: how a company manages its impact on local communities and the environment.
Indigenous: naturally occurring in a particular place.
Exploitation: the misuse of people or resources.
Conflict: the result of contrasting demands between people.
Honeypot: a place of attractive scenery or historic interest that attracts large numbers of visitors.
key words 5
environment, locals, other AND CONFLICT
Pollution: damage caused to water, air, scenery etc.
Water table: the upper level of water underground.
Greenhouse gases: gases from burning fossil fuels that pollute the air and add to the problem of global warming.
Grassroots: run by the local people to benefit local communities.
Community tourism: tourism that has close contact with and mainly benefits, local communities.
Biodiversity: the number and variety of plant and animal species that live in a particular area.
National parks: areas set aside to protect the landscape so that it can be enjoyed by visitors now and in the future.
Resident population: the permanent population living in an area.
Top 10 Tourist Destinations (2010): France (76.8m), USA (59.7m), China (55.6m), Spain (52.6m), Italy (43.6m), UK (28.1m),Turkey (27.0m), Germany (26.8m), Malaysia (24.5m), Mexico (22.8m). These are all found in the northern hemisphere.
Thailand - Lisu lodge and more (could mention full moon parties, Ko Pha Ngan, Thailand)
National parks: Lake district (there are many more, 13 in England, 2 in Scotaland)
The Great Barrier Reef
why do you need to know these case studies? in exams you need to show off your knowledge. you need to know these case studies for your knowledge on LEDC's, MEDC's, GNI's, conflicts, eco tourism, different lifestyles, decline/rejuvenation (look up butler model) and more.
in your answer you need to not only put why somethinng happens, you need to include past present and future and causes, solutions and problems. you should also include social, economical and environmental.
this is a lot to remember but in the exam you need to backup your answer as much as possible, for the big marks anyway.
marks and exam technique
I don't know this off by heart, it's just rough
1 mark - one point
2 marks - either one point explain or 2 points depending on the question
4 marks - 2 points explain
5 marks - 3 points explain or 2 points explain with anything else relevant to the Q
6 marks - point explain
there's likely to be a graph too
Remeber to link your answer with everything you can think of like if a question asks you about one case study - link it and compare it with other case studies.
you can put other knowledge in too like something which isn't on the spec - for example everday knowledge of personal experiences.
Questions, key ideas, subject content, case studie
Section B – Investigating Global Tourism
Tourism is a rapidly growing industry. Increased opportunities to travel mean that many people have become global consumers of tourism. This growth has impacts on people and places and requires careful management in order to ensure that it is sustainable. The global nature of the modern tourist industry has led to changes in the development gap.
This unit focuses on geographical investigation. Candidates should be given the opportunity to investigate a range of places and to consider how global trends and developments in tourism impact specific localities and groups of people.
to see the spec: http://store.aqa.org.uk/qual/newgcse/pdf/AQA-4035-W-SP.PDF if you're doing tourism scroll down to unit 3 section B
SWOT analysis: Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat.
i used this with The Gambia: paradise or purgatory...
s - winter sun destination, 6h, diversity (culture/language), used to be a British colony, employs 11000, safe and child friendly.
w - LEDC, HDI - 160/173, 50% of people live below the poverty line, seasonal malaria, main source of income - agriculture.
o - tourists can spend more money, BNB's
t - dependant on two countries for tourism - holland and UK, holidays are sold by big tour operators, sex tourism.
I have quite a lot of notes on this course so its impossible to put them in these revision cards. if you need more help on a certain topic i can probably help so comment or something. I hope this has helped. remember to try your best and show off your knowledge. i'm predicted B/C but i need more than a B, to get a B you need 70 - 79/100 and to get an A* you need 90-100/100 ... i think.
so yeah good luck people.