Geography WJEC

The three features of rivers in the upper course are waterfalls, gorges and what?
v shaped valley
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The four ways rocks can be transported in water are saltation ,solution, suspension and what?
traction
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The five types of erosion are hydraulic, pneumatic, abrasion, attrition and what?
corrosion
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The eight parts of a drainage basin system are precipitation, infiltration through flow, surface glee, ground water flow, transpiration, interception and what?
percolation
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The two types of migration are rural to urban and what?
countryside to city
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What is the word for the movement of people between locations?
migration
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Shanty towns in Kibera can be improved by cleaning up, health centres, education and what?
community centres
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Three positives for building on a greenfield site are theres a blank canvas, n demolition is needed and theres what?
motorway links
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Three negatives for building on a greenfield site are it kills wildlife, its more expensive, and its what?
not flat
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Three positives for building on a brownfield site are the foundations are in place, there are utilities in place and what is nearby?
services
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Three negatives for building on a brownfield site are its a smaller space, it needs demolition and it has what?
restrictions
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What is the street called in Hull where they built high rise flats, removed the needles from the streets, provided accommodation for the homeless and hired night wardens?
gt thornton
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When was comprehensive redevelopment?
nineteen sixties
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What was it called when they knocked down terraced houses to build high rise flats?
comprehensive redevelopment
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The four ways to describe distributions are regular, clustered, random and what?
linear
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Who doesn't benefit from St Stephens shopping centre in hull
high street shop owners
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Whats after the CBD in the order of zones?
inner city
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Whats After inner city in the order of zones?
inner suburbs
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Whats after the inner suburbs in the order of zones?
outer city council estate
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Whats after the outer city council estate in the order of zones?
outer suburbs
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Whats after the outer suburbs in the order of zones?
green belt
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Whats after the green belt in the order of zones?
commuter settlement
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Who decides where people on the waiting list for social housing live?
housing officer
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Social landlords use what type of system?
points
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Private landlords often agree to let the property for how long?
six months
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In order to buy a house you need a regular sum of money or a regular what?
wage
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The three options for buying/ renting houses are owning your own home, renting from a private landlord or renting from who?
council
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Which part of the city has the best transport?
cbd
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What type of erosion produces gorges?
vertical
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What is the product called when a waterfall erodes backwards?
gorge
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What are the lumps of hard rock that water zig zags around in v shaped valleys?
interlocking spurs
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Whats the pool called in a waterfall where the hard rock drops into when the soft rock underneath erodes?
plunge pool
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The four features of a river in the lower course are meanders, oxbow lakes, flood plains and what?
deltas
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Whats the posh name for the line of best fit on a river pathway?
thalweg
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What feature is produced when a meander erodes and produces two lakes?
oxbow lake
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Whats the posh name for lots of layers of mud built up around a river?
alluvium
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Whats the name for the feature produced when lots of layers of mud are deposited either side of a river when it floods?
flood plain
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What're the banks that build up on the side of a river called?
levees
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Whats the feature called when mud builds out into the sea in a D shape?
delta
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A delta is made up with sand, mud and what?
vegetation
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In the upper course of the river Tees, there are tributaries, v shaped valleys, waterfalls and what?
gorges
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What is the waterfall called at the river Tees?
high force
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The upper course of the river Tees is used for sheep farming, quarries and what?
reservoirs
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The lower course of the river Tees is made up of meanders, estuaries and what?
oxbow lakes
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The lower course of the river Tees is used for arable farming, settlements, ports, factories, power stations and what?
oil refineries
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When were the Lynmouth floods?
nineteen fifty two
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Where is Lynmouth?
devon
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The physical course of the Lynmouth floods were nine inches of rain in three hours, the bedrock was impervious and what ?
thin soil
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The human causes of the Lynmouth floods were, buildings next to the river mouth, no emergency plans in place, and what?
cloud seeding
49 of 131
Soft engineering techniques for flood management are planting trees and what?
land use zoning
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Hard engineering techniques for flood management are storm drains, damns, flood walls, pumping stations, straightening, widening and depending the river and what?
embankments
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When was the Bangladesh flood?
nineteen ninety eight
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Causes of the Bangladesh flood were heavy monsoon rain, very flat land less that 1m above sea level and what?
deforestation
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Effects of the Bangladesh floods are 35 million starved, rice could be planted and what?
crops drowned
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Three management techniques for the Bangladesh flood are houses on stilts, warning people and what?
mud embankments
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Whats the word for a period of time where it is dryer than usual?
drought
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When was the UK drought?
two thousand and twelve
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How many years have the UK had dry winters?
forty
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Which part of England has a higher risk of drought?
south east
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Is the UK an MEDC or LEDC?
medc
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The east of South Africa has more rain than the west because wet winds blow from which ocean?
indian
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Why doesn't South Africa need as much water as the UK?
less developed
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Whats the large scale water management scheme in South Africa called?
lesotho highlands water project
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Two sustainable management schemes for South Africa are play pumps and what?
rain harvesting
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The six parts of a drainage basin are mouth, source, estuary, tributary, confluence and what?
watershed
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When the wind blows over the sea and causes friction it produces what?
waves
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A large distance of the sea in which wind blows over is called its what?
fetch
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When the water rises or lowers its called the ?
tide
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The tide is caused by the gravitational pull of the what?
moon
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What type of wave washes up the beach?
swash
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What type of wave washes down the beach?
backwash
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What type of wave adds material?
constructive
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What type of wave takes away material?
destructive
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Is a bay formed by fast or slow erosion?
fast
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Is a headland formed by fast or slow erosion?
slow
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What hotel fell onto a beach due to rotational slumping?
holbeck hall
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What type of ground was Holbeck hall built on?
clay
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The three features of coastal deposition are spits/bars, tombolas and what?
beaches
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What is the process involved in coastal deposition?
longshore drift
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Name a place with spits/bars
spurn point
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Name a place with tombolas
chesil beach
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Three factors that make coastlines easily eroded are no beach, soft rock and what ?
big fetch
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6 Hard engineering coastal defences are sea walls, rock armour, baffles, hexagonal hives, groins and what?
gabions
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Three soft engineering coastal defences are beach reprofiling, managed retreat and what?
beach replenishment
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The seven places on the East Yorkshire coast are Flamborough, Brampton, Mappleton, Cowden, Withernsea, Spurn Point and ?
easington
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Which place on the East Yorkshire coast has groins and sea walls?
withernsea
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Which place on the East Yorkshire coast has a nature reserve?
spurn point
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Mappleton is protected because it has a what?
town
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Essex is in what part of England?
south east
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Essex is easily flooded because it is flat, low down and made of what?
soft mud
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They protected Essex from flooding by concrete sea walls, beach replenishment and what?
managed retreat
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Wildlife, people in towns/ cities and who else benefitted from the managed retreat in Essex?
conservationists
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Whats the name for the condition of the air around us over a short period of time ( days )?
weather
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6 Features of the weather are temperature, visibility, wind speed, precipitation, air pressure and what?
cloud cover
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Whats the word for the average weather over a long period of time ( years ) ?
climate
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The three types of rain are frontal, relief and what?
convectional
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In relief rainfall, warm air is forced to rise over the ____?
mountains
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In convectional rainfall, the _____ is heated by the sun?
ground
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Frontal rain is when a mass of ___ air rises above the colder, heavier rain?
warm
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Whats the name for the low pressure weather system?
depression
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Whats the name for the high pressure weather system?
anticyclone
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(No cloud, sunny, warm, light breeze, unchangeable) is this a high pressure system in summer or a low pressure?
high pressure
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(No cloud, cold, frosty, little wind, unchangeable) is this a low pressure weather system in winter or a high pressure?
high pressure
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(Lots of cloud, heavy rain, strong wind, very changeable) is this a low pressure weather system in summer or a high pressure?
low pressure
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(lots of cloud, sleet, snow, strong wind, very changeable) is this a low pressure weather system in winter or a high pressure in winter?
low pressure
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What year was the Chicago heatwave?
nineteen ninety five
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How many deaths were there in the Chicago heatwave?
five hundred and twenty five
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How long did the Chicago heatwave last?
one week?
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What was the top temperature in the Chicago heatwave?(degrees)
one hundred
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When we have low pressure weather events closer to the equator, it can lead to what?
tropical storms
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When hurricanes form, what do the masses of clouds do?
spin
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Which direction do clouds move in a hurricane?
west
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Hurricanes slowly die out as they lose what?
energy
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When was hurricane Katrina?
two thousand and five
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What was the top windspeed in hurricane Katrine? (mph)
one hundred and seventy five
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Three environmental impacts of hurricane Katrina were levees broke, flooding and what?
woodland ruined
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How many peoples homes were destroyed in hurricane Katrina?
two hundred thousand
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When was the great storm of Britain?
nineteen eighty seven
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How many people died in the great storm of Britain?
nineteen
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What was the top wind speed in the great storm of Britain?(mph)
one hundred and ten
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Four economic impacts of the great storm of Britain were collapsed buildings, no transport, business closed, and what went up?
insurance
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Where are the most rainforests?
equator
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The four places rainforests are located are South America, Africa, South Asia and where?
australia
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Wheres the larges area of tropical rainforests?
south america
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Where is the Amazon rainforest?
brazil
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The four layers of the rainforest are the emergent layer, the canopy, the under canopy and the what?
shrub layer
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Which layer of the rainforest has the most sun?
emergent
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Which layer of the rainforest does fungi grow?
shrub layer
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What does indigenous mean?
original
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Whats the name of the tribe occupying a lot of the Brazil rainforest?
kayapo
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The Kayapo tribe entertain themselves by singing and what?
dancing
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The four ways rocks can be transported in water are saltation ,solution, suspension and what?

Back

traction

Card 3

Front

The five types of erosion are hydraulic, pneumatic, abrasion, attrition and what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The eight parts of a drainage basin system are precipitation, infiltration through flow, surface glee, ground water flow, transpiration, interception and what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The two types of migration are rural to urban and what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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