GCSE The nutritional properties of food

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What is the eatwell plate?
The healthy eating model for the United Kingdom
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Two key ideas of a healthy diet?
Eating the right amount of food for how active you are, eating a range of foods to make sure you have a balanced diet
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8 guidelines for a healthy diet?
1) base meals on starch. 2) eats lots of fruit and veg. 3) eat more fish 4) cut down on sat. fat & sugar 5) less salt 6) activity 7) plenty of water 8) don't skip breakfast.
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Unhealthy diet?
high quantities of fats, sugars and salts and low amounts of non starch polysaccharide (dietary fibre)
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What can an unhealthy diet lead to?
obesity, strokes, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, cancers, tooth decay, type 2 diabetes
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What are nutrients?
Substances that perform different functions in the body
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Five main groups of nutrients?
Protein, fat, carbohydrates (sugar and starches), vitamins, minerals
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Function of carbohydrates?
Gives the body energy
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Function of fat?
Protection and insulation of the body, gives energy
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Function of protein?
Growth and repair of the body
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Function of Vitamin A?
Helps the eyes see in dim light, healthy skin and tissue
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Function of Vitamin B?
Transfer and release of energy, formation of red blood cells
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Function of Vitamin C?
Healthy skin, helps the body heal faster and resist infection, absorption of ion
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Function of Iron?
Formation of red blood cells which carry oxygen around the body
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Function of Calcium?
Keeps bones and teeth strong, healthy muscles and nerves
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Function of Water?
All body actions, removes waste
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Non starch polysaccharide?
Part of food that is not digested. Helps bowels move regularly, and reduces constipation. Needed for digestive system to function, and lowers cholesterol level.
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Why might someone have to follow special diet?
Lose weight, have an illness, certain foods make them ill
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Dietary requirement values (DRV)?
Scientifically calculated estimates of the amounts of nutrients needed by different groups of people.
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Reference Nutrient Intake (NRI)?
The amount of nutrient that is enough for most people in a group.
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Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)?
The average need for a nutrient.
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Rule enforced on health claim?
Came into effect in 2007 to help protect consumers from misleading claims
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Guideline Daily Amounts (GDAs)?
Guide to the amount of calories, sugar, fat, saturated fat and salt you should try not to exceed to have a healthy balanced diet
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Two key ideas of a healthy diet?

Back

Eating the right amount of food for how active you are, eating a range of foods to make sure you have a balanced diet

Card 3

Front

8 guidelines for a healthy diet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Unhealthy diet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What can an unhealthy diet lead to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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