GCSE Music All blues key words

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  • Created by: Hannah50
  • Created on: 21-05-16 12:08
Intro
Opens the piece
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Riff
A short repeated motif
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Head
The melody of a jazz standard
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Solos
The solo improvised part of a piece played by the front line instruments over the form
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Coda
The closing section of a piece
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Miles Davis
A famous jazz trumpeter
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Lead sheets
Only melody notated
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Changes
Chord progression
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Jazz standard
Popular jazz piece
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12 bar blues
Chord progression based around the chords I, IV, and V
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Substitutions
Changed chords
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Transcription
Listening to a piece of music and then notating it
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Parallel movement
Moving by the same interval
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Dominant 7th
A triad with a flattened seventh e.g. bar 15
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#9 chord
Dominant 7th with an added sharpened ninth e.g. bar 17
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Modes
Modes are alternative tonalities that can be derived from the major scale by starting on a different scale tone
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Modal jazz features
Slower harmonic rhythm, less constrained by the changes in chords so more free and melodic
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Modal Jazz
Fewer chord changes and slower harmonic rhythm. Introduced in the 1950's.
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Bebop jazz
Introduced in the 1940's is a more complex style of jazz featuring many changes with a fast harmonic rhythm.
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Charlie Parker
A jazz saxophonist
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Frontline
The instruments that play the melody and the solos. (Tenor sax, alto sax, trumpet)
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Rhythm section
The instruments that play the backing of a piece and provide harmonic support
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Blue note
Flattened third or flattened seventh within a scale of a piece
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Swing
Started with the big band jazz in 1930's. It is style where the quavers are swung.
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Chromatic
Notes that do not belong to the diatonic key
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Structure of All blues
12 bar blues with chord substitutions and seventh chords
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Comping
A rhythmic accompaniment to the head featuring chords played by the piano
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Mordent
A musical ornament used as a melodic decoration
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Sextet
A group of six people
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Altered/extended chords
extended chords are tertian chords (built from thirds) or triads with notes extended, or added, beyond the seventh. Ninth, eleventh, and thirteenth chords are extended chords.
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Mixolydian
A mode that starts on the 5th degree of the major scale so includes a D7 within it which allows the soloists to improvise using this mode.
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Cannonball Adderley
Alto sax
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John Coltrane
Tenor sax
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Bill Evans
Piano
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Paul chambers
Bass
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Jimmy cobb
Drums
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A short repeated motif

Back

Riff

Card 3

Front

The melody of a jazz standard

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The solo improvised part of a piece played by the front line instruments over the form

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The closing section of a piece

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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