GCSE Edexcel Music 9-1 - AoS1 Bach

Questions on Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No.5 from Area of Study One (AoS 1) for GCSE Edexcel Music 2018. (including background, dynamics, rhythm, texture, structure, melody, instruments, tonality and harmony.)

See my other flashcards for questions on the context, time period and musical style of Bach's era. Questions on the other set pieces are also available.

  • Created by: Spikettee
  • Created on: 30-05-18 15:32
When was Brandenburg Concerto no.5, movement III composed, and by whom?
late Baroque period - 1721, by Johann Sebastian Bach
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What style of dance is this piece in?
a gigue - a 17th century dance with steady beat and lively tempo
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Why was this piece composed?
for the Margrave of Brandenburg, Bach's patron
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Where did Bach originate?
Germany, from a family of well-known composers
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What was Bach known for in his music?
long, flowing, expressive melodies; counerpoint and fugue
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DYNAMICS
terraced; minimal markings (editorial)
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TEMPO
allegro throughout
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METRE
2/4 (simple duple) but sounds like 6/8 due to triplets
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RHYTHM
triplets; dotted rhythms; semi-quavers in harpsichord
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TEXTURE - bars 1-2
monophonic; otherwise contrapuntal wih imitation
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TEXTURE - fugal writing
fuagto in Section A (polyphonic) and stretto bar 64
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TEXTURE - doubling
violone+cello (tutti section), flute+violin (33-44) and parallel 3rds
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TEXTURE - contrasts
changes in texture create contrast. perhaps antiphonal - swapping textures
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STRUCTURE
Concerto grosso in ternary form ABA' (A=ritornelli and fugues, B=ritornello)
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MELODY - ornaments & decoration
trills (eg.84), pedal point (start of B), sequences, rippling quavers from b.5 acc. flute in B
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MELODY - based on?
triadic and scalic ideas from start. 1st notes of Section A are transposed from D to Bm in Section B
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INSTRUMENTS - concertino
flute, principal violin, harpsichord (all soloists)
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INSTRUMENTS - ripieno
violin, viola, cello, doublebass (aka violone/contrabasso)
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INSTRUMENTS - roles of harpsichord
virtuoso soloist, director, continuo, realises figured bass to complete harmonies, simple texture
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TONALITY - tonic and Section A
tonic is Dmajor. Section A has modulations to the dominant, Amajor
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TONLAITY - Section B
relative minor, Bm with modulations to the dom.F#m and the relative major, A
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HARMONY
simple, diatonic, mainly triads or dominant7ths in root or 1st inversion
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HARMONY - variation?
enlivened by appoggiaturas (149) and suspensions (129)
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HARMONY - pedals and cadences
tonic & dominant(F#) pedals in Section B. Perfect cadence at the end of each section
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What style of dance is this piece in?

Back

a gigue - a 17th century dance with steady beat and lively tempo

Card 3

Front

Why was this piece composed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where did Bach originate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was Bach known for in his music?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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