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CONTENTS
28 April 2012
17:17


Lieder Club

Pop Ballads Glossary

Concerto, Symphony, Sonata

Jazz

Indian Classical

Gamelan

Chamber music

Choral Classics

A Cappella

Waltz

Tango

American Line Dance (country and Western)

Minimalism

Irish

Bhangra

Disco




Music Page 1

Page 2

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Lieder Romantic period- 1820-1900 Schubert, Schumann, Beethoven
11 April 2012
20:20




Singer and Piano

Dramatic

German singing

Strophic or Through composed

Piano and voice work together to tell story - as important as each other

Arranged in song cycles (like an album- follows a theme)

Based on German poems




Music…

Page 3

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1400s-now Bob Dylan, Elton John, Snow Patrol
Pop Ballads
11 April 2012
20:28


Tells a story

Same tune & rhythm in verse but different lyrics

Can use many different instruments

Girl and Boy bands important in 1990s

Vocals are more important than accompaniment and louder Harmony*
Backing singers
Accompaniment reflects…

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Mainly Classical period 1750-1820 Hayden, Mozart, Beethoven
Concerto, Symphony, Sonatas Also Baroque 1600-1750
11 April 2012
20:45
CLASSICAL (1750-1800)


SONATA CONCERTO SYMPHONY

3/4 movements Soloist + Orchestra For an orchestra

1/2 instruments 3 movements -quick then slow then quick 4 movements

Sonata form* Cadenza- where soloist plays fiddly scale bits…

Page 5

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Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Glenn Miller
Jazz
11 April 2012
21:15


Roots in Blues and Ragtime Mainly people follow band leader

Developed in USA by newly freed slaves Jazz standards are popular songs normally in the bands repertoire

Started in early 1900s Illegal bars in the prohibition often had jazz…

Page 6

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Indian Classical
11 April 2012
21:38


Raga- scale for a mood

Sitar- lead string thing

Tambura- bass sitar

Tabla- a pair of drums

Tala- set rhythm played by tabla, but this can be added to by
adding bits over the top

Sarod- fretless sitar

Sarangi- bowed string thing

Bansuri- bamboo…

Page 7

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Gamelan
12 April 2012
14:33


From Java and Bali Indonesia Instruments

Expressive Saron- metallophone plays main melody then lower pitch ones play some of the melody and
higher pitch ones play a faster version
Everything forms to make one sound
Gender, bonangs, gambang, celempung, rebab and suling add embellishment
Not…

Page 8

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Chamber music
12 April 2012
14:47


Baroque 1600-1750 Instruments

Terraced dynamics Harpsichord, flute, recorder, oboe bassoon, organ, strings

Built from motifs so repetition Harpsichord plays Basso continuo (continuous bass bit)

Simple harmonies (mainly triad chords)

Lots of ornaments eg. Trill, appoggiaturas, acciaccatura, mordents and turns

Contrapuntal (counter melodies) and polyphonic…

Page 9

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Choral Classics 1300s-
Renaissance Baroque Classical Romantic
Bach & Handel
12 April 2012
15:29


Often sacred church music sang by monks

Masses sung in Catholic churches

Oratorios are Bible stories+ music

Baroque choirs- small and all men (women banned from Church)

Written mostly for 4 voices- treble- high boy, countertenor-…

Page 10

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African A Capella Lady Smith Black Mambazo
12 April 2012
15:43


Zulu singing- no istruments ISSICATHAMIYA MBUBE

Two types Mbube- Lion Soft ad gentle Loud and powerful

Isicathamiya- tiptoe Normally all male Normally all male but can get female singers too

Blends voices in harmony High pitch lead, 4 part…

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