French history key words

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Salic law
A law, thought to derivefrom the code of laws of the Salain Franks,prohibiting a woman succeeding to the throne.
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Sola Scriptorium
The Bible is the only source of the truth.
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Sola Fide
Salvation can be achieved by faith alone (according to Martin Luther).
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Indulgences
A grant by the pope of remission of temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sin after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was widespread abuse during the later middle ages.
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Reactionary
Someone who wants to change things back to how they used to be.
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Gabelle
A tax on salt in France abolished in 1790. It was very unpopular. It only applied to 6 out of the 7 provinces. Salt was used as a preservative, so this tax affected everyone.
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The Sorbonne
Founded in 1523 by Robert de Sorbon as a theological college: given to the university in 1808.
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Taille
A form of direct royal taxation that was levied before 1789 on nonprivileged subjects and lands and tended to weigh most heavily on the peasants. It was a tax on your property/income depending on where you lived.
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Tax Farming
The principal of assinging the responsibilty for tax revenue collection to private citizens or groups.
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Diet
A meeting of important princes (elected the Holy Roman Empire)
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Chambre D'ardente
In the 16th century, it was an extraordinary tribunal for the trial of heretics, placed under the jurisdiction of the parlements of Paris and the provinces of France.
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Faction
A group of people forming a cohesiv, usually contentious minority within a larger group.
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Noblesse D'epee
('Nobility of the sword') Nobles who derived their rank from military service.
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Noblesse de la Robe
('Nobility of the Robe') In the 17th + 18th century France, a class of hereditary nobles who acquired their rank through holding a high state office.
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Ecus
An old French unit of value (money/currency)
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Elu
An elected representitive
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Abjure/abjuration
To change religion (to solemnly renonounce (a belief/claim))
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Brevet
Clauses within a treaty which were enacted by the monarch, without ratification by parlement.
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Chambre mi parti (aka chambre d'edict)
A law court where there are Catholic and Hugenot judges
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Balliage
The area where it was the local royal offcial's job to ensure the royal decree was carried out.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The Bible is the only source of the truth.

Back

Sola Scriptorium

Card 3

Front

Salvation can be achieved by faith alone (according to Martin Luther).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A grant by the pope of remission of temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sin after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was widespread abuse during the later middle ages.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Someone who wants to change things back to how they used to be.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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