Tsarist Russia Key Things 1855-1917

The key dates, people, groups and events for Tsarist Russia

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  • Created on: 01-01-13 15:19
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185356: Crimean war
1855: Alexander II's reign begins
1861: Emancipation of the Serfs
186274: Army and Navy reforms
1863: Polish Revolt
1864: Zemstva formed
1866: Alexander II turns reactionary
1870: Introduction of the Duma
187778: RussoTurkish War
March 13st 1881: LorisMelikov Proposals
March 13st 1881: Alexander II assassinated by the `Peoples Will'
1881: Alexander III succeeds Alexander II
1881: Pogroms
1883: Peasant Land Bank
188792: Vyshnegradsky as finance minister
1889: Land Captains created
189102: Great famine kills 500,000 people
18921903: Witte as finance minister
1894: Death of Alexander III
1894: Nicholas II comes to power
1898: Social Democratic Workers' Party formed
1901: Social Revolutionaries formed (SR)
1903: Social Democrats splits ­ Bolsheviks & Mensheviks
190305: Red Cockerel
190405: RussoJapanese War
January 19th 1905: Bloody Sunday
October 1905: St Petersburg Soviet formed
17th October 1905: October Manifesto
March 1906: Fundamental Laws
190611: Stolypin's agrarian reforms
MayJuly 1906: 1st Duma
FebruaryJune 1907: 2nd Duma
November 1907June 1912: 3rd Duma
November 19121917: 4th Duma
November 1911: Stolypin assassinated
1912: Lena Goldfields massacre
March 1st 191418: WW1
26 August 1914: Russia defeated at the battle of Tannenburg
6th September: Nicholas assumed command of the military
JanuaryFebruary 1914: Strike and civil unrest in Petrograd
1917: Petrograd Soviet formed
23 February 1817: International Women's Day march turns into a workers' demonstration
27 February 1917: Nicholas loses support of the army
1st March 1917: Provisional Government formed
2nd March 1917: Nicholas II abdicates
3rd April: Lenin returns and produced April Theses
34th July 1917: July Days
2425 October 1917: Bolsheviks take over key buildings in Petrograd

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October 1917: Provisional Government members arrested & Bolsheviks coup
1918: Nicholas II and his family are executed
KEY FIGURES.…read more

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Emancipation of the Serfs: Alexander II set the Serf's free of their bonded labouring,
as he felt that Serfdom was holding Russia back from modernising
Bloody Sunday: Father Gapon led a group of workers along with women and children,
who held icons and pictures of the Tsar, on a peaceful march petitioning for better
pay, working conditions and an 8hour week. However the marchers were met by
armed soldiers and Cossacks, who open fired killing over 300 and wounding 800.…read more

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Kerensky feared that Kornilov was trying to overrun the government and take
control, so Kerensky asked Lenin to helped get rid of him, and asked Kornilov to
surrender his command. The Bolsheviks organised the `Red Guards' (armed bands
of workers) and people took to the streets to defend the Provisional Government.
Bolsheviks Coup: The Bolsheviks took control of key buildings and eventually seized
control.…read more

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Workers Legislation Act: improved working conditions slightly.
Russification: discrimination against national minorities where they lost their freedom
and had to speak Russian and abide by the Russian culture and religion.
Nationalism: a love of land and the belief in the superiority of the country.
Volosts: local administrative areas set up by the Emancipation decree.
KEY GROUPS.…read more

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Octorbrists: formed after the October Manifesto, who supported the Tsar but
opposed further concessions, they were a moderate conservative party who were
support by the wealthy.
Trudoviks: split from the SR and became nonrevolutionary, they had moderate
liberal views and wanted a minimum wage and an 8hour working day, they had the
support of the peasants and the intelligentisia.
Kadets: led by Pacrel Milyukov, who wanted a constitutional monarchy with a
parliamentary government and civil rights.…read more


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