Explaining female crime

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functionalist sex role theory
parsons - traces differences in crime to the gender roles in the conventional nuclear family. while men take instrumental role, outside the home, women perform expressive role. boys 'compensatroy compulsory masc' - no role model. cohen- male gangs
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new right argue that
absence of a male role model in matrifocal lone parent fams leads to boys turning to criminal street gangs as source of status and identity
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sandra walklate criticises sex role theory for..
its biological assumptions. parsons assumes women best suited to expressive role because they have biological capacity to bear children
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Heidensohn: patriarchal control
patriarchal society imposes greater control over women; reduces their opps to offend. control at home - restrictions on time, movement, work - sexual harrasment. public - fear of attack, being defined as not respectable
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carlen: class and gender deals
study of 39, 15-46 year old w/c women who had been convicted of a range of crimes
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the class deal
women who work ill be offered material rewards, with a decent standard of living and leisure opps
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the gender deal
patriarchal ideology promises women material and emotional rewards from family life by conforming to the norms of a conventional domestic gender role
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if these rewards are not available or worth the effort...
crime becomes more likely.
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in terms of class deal, the women had failed to find a legit way of earning a decent living and this left them feeling powerless, opressed and the victims of injustice
32 of them had always been in poverty. some found that qualifications gained in jail had no help gaining work upon realise. many had experiences problems and humiliations in trying to claim benefits
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in terms of the gender deal, most of the women had either not had to opportunity to make the deal, or saw few rewards and many disadvantages in family life
some abused, phsyically or sexually. subject to domestic violence. over half spent time in care. those leaving care found themselves homeless, unemployed and poor. conclusion, 'crime only route to a decent standard of living, ntn 2 lose evytn 2 gain'
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Card 2

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absence of a male role model in matrifocal lone parent fams leads to boys turning to criminal street gangs as source of status and identity

Back

new right argue that

Card 3

Front

its biological assumptions. parsons assumes women best suited to expressive role because they have biological capacity to bear children

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

patriarchal society imposes greater control over women; reduces their opps to offend. control at home - restrictions on time, movement, work - sexual harrasment. public - fear of attack, being defined as not respectable

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

study of 39, 15-46 year old w/c women who had been convicted of a range of crimes

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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