English Language - Speech Terms

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Categorical Overextention
name of item in 1 group being extended to all items e.g Apple to all fruit
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Analogical
word extended to an item of a different category with a physical or functional similarity e.g Ball to something else round e.g an Apple
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Mismatch Statements
Appear abstract, make a statment about 1 object in relation to another e.g saying "duck" when looking at an empty pond (because child has seen ducks on a pond before)
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Possessive Pronoun
Markers of ownership e.g Mine
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Pragmatics
Hidden or implied meaning e.g Interrogative as a declarative
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Ellipsis
Missing words e.g What you doing?
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Imperative sentences
Commands or instruction e.g Go home
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CDS
Language Strategies to encourage children e.g Confidence
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Interrogative Sentences
Questions e.g are you hungry?
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Irregular verb
cant accept an -ed ending e.g wrote
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Verb "to be"
Verb that changed to match noun e.g I AM, you ARE, he IS
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Idiomatic language
Literal untruths
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Declarative Sentences
Statements/information e.g that is a cat
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Regular Verbs
Will accept an -ed ending e.g Jumped
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Context bound lexis
Meaning is reliant on the situation e.g The reindeer
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Initiators
Topic Starters e.g Hey, how're you?
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Deixis
Words that point outside the text e.g pass me THAT, over THERE
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Noun
Labels something e.g cat, sheep, dog
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Verbs
Doing/Being words e.g Jump, Think
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Pronoun
substitute for a noun e.g I, you, she
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Determiner
Makes a noun more specific e.g a, the, an, many
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Deictic Word
Context bound pointer word e.g This, that, they
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Adjective
Description e.g GREEN apple
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Preposition
Placement/movement e.g On, underneath, over, from
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

word extended to an item of a different category with a physical or functional similarity e.g Ball to something else round e.g an Apple

Back

Analogical

Card 3

Front

Appear abstract, make a statment about 1 object in relation to another e.g saying "duck" when looking at an empty pond (because child has seen ducks on a pond before)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Markers of ownership e.g Mine

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Hidden or implied meaning e.g Interrogative as a declarative

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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