Language and Ethnicity and World Englishes

  • Created by: rstap02
  • Created on: 03-06-19 10:34


A pidgin is a restricted language which arises for the purposes of communication between 2 social groups of which one is in a more dominant position that the other. The less dominant group is the one which develops the pidgin. Historically, pidgins arose in colonial situations where the colonial power came into contact with natives.


In the course of several generations, such a reduced form of language can become more complex, especially if it develops into the mother tongue of a group of speakers - creolisation. Creoles are much expanded versions of pidgins and arose, for example, on slave plantations in their early years.

West Indian Immigration

The 1950s saw mass immigration of poeple from the West Indies to Britain to fill job shortages. As a result of a common colonial history, these immigrants spoke English as their first language - however, the vast majority of them spoke a patois or creole. Because of the high faiure rates of West Indian youths in schools in the 1960s and 70s, the creole was seen as the language of the disadvantage. Pressure for second-generation West Indans to change their speech resulted in a kind of bilingualism rather than an abandonment of their creole.

British Black English

BBE combines elements of Standard British English with creole forms. It is a form that many members of Britain's Caribbean-heritage community have as part of their repertoise of styles.

Multicultural London English

The term Multicultural London English (MLE) has emerged in…


No comments have yet been made