Unit B453-Developing Skills techniques and motivation

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What is a skill?
A skill is a learnt ability to choose and perform the right techniques at the right time, succesfully, regularly and with the minimum amount of effort
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Name the 4 methods of learning skill
practice/rehearsal, copying others, trial and error, appropriate role models
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Name the 5 characteristics of skilful movement
Efficiency, Fluent, Aesthetic, Co-ordinated, Pre-determined
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Describe trial and error
Attempting a skill and failing continuously until you get it right. It is reinforcing movement. also called operant conditioning
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Describe appropriate role models
Findng someone who can do the skill you want to do then watching them do it. Usually the role model will be top of their sporting activity
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Describe practice/rehearsal
Practising repetitive drills and therefore the responses of the learner become conditioned- Rewards play a large part(positive reinforcement)
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Describe Copying others
Watching another person perform the skill and then trying to do it yourself
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What does the term feedback mean?
Telling someone else or yourself what you are doing well and what you need to improve on
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When is feedback most effective?
Close to performance so its fresh in their mind
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What does feedback do?
Motivates, changes performance and reinforces learning.
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What are the 4 main types of feedback?
Intrinsic, extrinsic, knowledge of results, knowledge of performance
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Describe and give an example of intrinsic feedback
You giving yourself feedback eg- telling yourself to have a more accurate pass because someone intercepted the ball
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Describe and give an example of extrinsic feedback
Other people giving you feedback eg- A coach telling you you need to header the ball more
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Describe knowledge of results
knowing what score you got and what place you came at a performance
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Describe knowledge of performance
How well you did whilst doing a sport
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Describe intrinsic motivation
Internal drive or will power. Includes fun, enjoyment, satisfaction, intrinsic flow
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Describe Extrinsic Motivation
It involves influences external to the performer. It includes, pleases others, trophies, medals and money
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What is continuous feedback?
feedback during the performance, either from the coach, instructor or teacher or from the continuous feel of the skill
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what is terminal feedback?
Feedback after the response has been completed
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What is positive feedback?
Reinforces skill learning and gives information about a successful outcome
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What is negative feedback?
Information about an unsuccessful outcome or getting things wrong.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name the 4 methods of learning skill

Back

practice/rehearsal, copying others, trial and error, appropriate role models

Card 3

Front

Name the 5 characteristics of skilful movement

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe trial and error

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe appropriate role models

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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