Development of Sport Expertise

  • Created by: AltonRoro
  • Created on: 08-05-18 11:47

1. Bouchard et al (1999)

  • Aimed to test the hypothesis that vo2max differences come from family. 481 sedentary adults from 98 families partook in a 20 week programe, then tested on ergogmeter. Found that trainiability is hereditarry and has a signifcant gene.
  • Tested the hypothesis of nurture's involvement in child prodigies.
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2. Chase and Simon (1973) Memory task found

  • experts have better recollection in domain-specific situations (chunking). Weren't better in random recollection task.
  • experts have better pattern-recognition. They don't have long quiet eye periods

3. Wojtys et al (2013)

  • Early Diversifcation encourages playing many sports and specialising later; improves enjoyment and increases intrinsic motivation through self-determination theory (Hagger, 2007)
  • Early specification is better for artistic/acrobatic sports like diving and gymnastics

4. The Developmental Model of Sport Participation (Cote and Fraser-Thomas, 2008)

  • Ages: 6-12 Sampling, 13-15 Narrowing, 16+Specialising
  • Ages: 6-12 enjoying, 13-15 Narrowing, 16+deliberate practice

5. McArdle et al (2010)

  • Black athletes have a greater type II composition and these fibres allow greater trainability
  • McArdle's disease in black athlete causes glucose store depletion

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