Development of Sport Expertise

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1. Bouchard et al (1999)

  • Aimed to test the hypothesis that vo2max differences come from family. 481 sedentary adults from 98 families partook in a 20 week programe, then tested on ergogmeter. Found that trainiability is hereditarry and has a signifcant gene.
  • Tested the hypothesis of nurture's involvement in child prodigies.
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2. Ruthsatz and Urbach (2014)

  • Children who are on the autism spectrum have an extraordinary attention to detail and this was seen in a number of child prodigies
  • Children who are on the chess prodigy spectrum have an extraordinary attention to detail and this wasn't seen in a number of child prodigies

3. Hope 2015

  • Better pattern-induced recognition
  • Better pattern adaptations

4. McArdle et al (2010)

  • Black athletes have a greater type II composition and these fibres allow greater trainability
  • McArdle's disease in black athlete causes glucose store depletion

5. Balyi, et al (2005)

  • Early specification is better for artistic/acrobatic sports like diving and gymnastics
  • Early diversification is better for artistic/acrobatic sports like diving and gymnastics

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