Crime & Deviance: Topic 3

  • Created by: Ashley2K
  • Created on: 17-06-17 14:30
Why do Marxists argue capitalism is criminogenic?
Marxists believe capitalism is criminogenic, meaning its very nature causes crime. This is because in many cases poverty may mean crime is the only way for the working class and there is emphasis on unachieveable consumer goods.
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What does Snider argue about corporation crime?
Snider argues corporation crime is the most serious crime in modern industrial countries, she found that street crime cost the USA $4B whilst corporation crime cost $80B to fix.
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Why does Gordon argue crime is a rational response to the capitalist system?
Economic self interest and competition.
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How does Gordon argue law enforcement supports capitalism?
1. By punishing the w/c, blaming them and drawing attention away from the system 2. Imprisoning the w/c neutralises opposition 'legitimately' 3. Defining criminals as enemies of the state justifies to keep them hidden.
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How do Marxists view law making and law enforcement?
Marxists view law making as only serving the interests of the capitalist class, e.g. private property laws.
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What power do the ruling class have over law making?
The ruling class have the power to prevent the introduction of laws that would threaten their interests and the capitalist state are reluctant to pass laws that regulate the activities of businesses.
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What is selective enforcement?
Marxists argue although all classes commit crime, there is selective enforcement on whom the law is applied. Powerless groups such as the working class and ethnic minorities are criminalised whilst the courts tend to ignore crimes of the powerful.
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How do Marxists argue laws that appear to benefit the working class often benefit the ruling class too?
It is argued laws that appear to benefit the working class often benefit the ruling class too e.g. by keeping workers fit for work.
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Give two criticisms of traditional Marxism.
1. It ignores the relationship between crime and important non-class inequalities such as gender 2. It is too deterministic and over-predicts the amount of crime in the working class; not all poor people commit crime.
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Why do Neo-Marxists differ from traditional Marxists?
They argue Marxism is too deterministic. They see crime as a meaningful action and a conscious choice by the actor, they argue that crime often has a political motive e.g. redistribution of wealth. Criminals are not puppets but rather are trying to
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Why do Neo-Marxists differ from traditional Marxists? (2)
change society.
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What is the concept of a 'fully social theory of deviance' suggested by Neo-Marxists?
A comprehensive understanding of crime and deviance that would help to change society for the better, it would use traditional Marxist views on the unequal distribution of wealth and ideas from interactionism and labelling theory.
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Card 2

Front

What does Snider argue about corporation crime?

Back

Snider argues corporation crime is the most serious crime in modern industrial countries, she found that street crime cost the USA $4B whilst corporation crime cost $80B to fix.

Card 3

Front

Why does Gordon argue crime is a rational response to the capitalist system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does Gordon argue law enforcement supports capitalism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How do Marxists view law making and law enforcement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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