Citizenship Unit 1

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Democracy
A system of government in which citizens are able to influence government decisions.
1 of 25
Constitutional Monarchy
A form of government in which a monarch recognises Parliament as the chief law maker
2 of 25
Constitution
A set of rules that describe which institutions hold power within a state.
3 of 25
Welfare State
System whereby a government taxes citizens in order to provide social services and benefits to those that need them
4 of 25
Norms
Socially accepted behaviour
5 of 25
Values
Things we consider important to support our norms
6 of 25
Net Migration
The difference between those immagrating and those emigrating, the 'in' and 'out' figures.
7 of 25
Stereotyping
Over-simplication or a generalised impression of a group's identity or behaviour
8 of 25
Mass Media
The organisations that produce all forms of media for a vast audience
9 of 25
Xenophobia
Extreme irrational fear of foreigners
10 of 25
Meritocracy
A society in which people have power because of their abilities not because of money or social position
11 of 25
Nepotism
Using your power or influence to get good jobs or unfair advantages for members of your own family
12 of 25
Underclass
Group in society who are excluded because they are either unable to break the poverty cycle or vulnerable and isolated
13 of 25
Policies
Plans made by gov. to tackle certain issues
14 of 25
Statute
A law made by parliament
15 of 25
Criminal Law
Area of law concerned with state bringing proceeding against and individual to punish them for breaching in the law
16 of 25
Civil Law
Concerned with disputes between and individual and another
17 of 25
Scrutiny
Careful and detailed examination of something in order to establish facts
18 of 25
Defamation
To damage the reputation of a person or group by saying things about them which aren't true
19 of 25
Probate
The legal administration of a deceased person's will
20 of 25
Assets
Something valuable that belongs to a person. eg. their house
21 of 25
Tort
A civil wrong committed by an individual against another where the defendant owed a duty to the claimant. = caused loss or damage
22 of 25
Habeas Corpus
Latin term for 'let us have the body'. A person detained has the right to question the legality of their detention
23 of 25
Ultra Vires
Latin for 'beyond the powers'
24 of 25
Natural Justice
Two main rules: No one should be judge in own case. Both sides have a right to be heard
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A form of government in which a monarch recognises Parliament as the chief law maker

Back

Constitutional Monarchy

Card 3

Front

A set of rules that describe which institutions hold power within a state.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

System whereby a government taxes citizens in order to provide social services and benefits to those that need them

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Socially accepted behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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