Churchill Key Idea 3

  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 04-01-15 17:33
When does World War Two start?
September 1939
1 of 105
What is Churchill appointed as at this time?
First Lord of Admirality
2 of 105
Although war starts, does anything happen?
No, the Phoney war begins where nothing happens,
3 of 105
What does Norway declare itself but why is it in a vital position?
It declares itself neutral but Germany plans to invade,
4 of 105
what does Britain plan to do and what is Churchill's idea?
She plans to stop it, -Churchill wants to mine Norway's water to force the German ships into the North sea where the Royal Navy would sink them,
5 of 105
However what would British interference make more likely?
-Result in German occupation of Norway, -Makes German occupation of Denmark more likely,
6 of 105
Was this action popular in Britain? However, what soon made it unpopular?
Yes, -German action hastens against Norway and it is soon captured,
7 of 105
Who was blamed? What was Churchills excuse?
-Chamberlain, -He said he hadnt had enough free hand in the misson so couldnt besr responsibility,
8 of 105
What policy of Chamberlains also failed?
9 of 105
In parliament, which party refuses to continue to support Chamberlain so what is he forced to do and when?
-Labour,-He resigns in May 1940
10 of 105
Who was King George's first choice and what was his current position?
-Lord Halifax, -Foreign Secretary who sits in the House of Lords
11 of 105
What is his answer and why?
He refuses as he sits in the House of Lords,
12 of 105
Why is Churchill not King George's first choice?
As he disliked Churchill due to his interference in Edward VIII's abdication,
13 of 105
When else was Churchill second choice for who and what position?
In May 1924, for Chancellor of the Exchequer, -Chamberlain was first choice,
14 of 105
gWhy does the Phoney War end?
Due to the invasion of Western Europe by the Nazis and the fall of France,
15 of 105
Why is Britain isolated?
-France has surrendered, -USSR isnt interested, -USA is in a policy of isolationism,
16 of 105
When is Churchill appointed PM?
In May 1940
17 of 105
Why should Churchill be elected based on experience?
He fought in India and the Boer War. He was first Lord of Admirality, in Shadow Cabinet and the Cabinet, -Secretary of State for War and Air,-Colonial Secretary, -Home Securitary,
18 of 105
What are the other reasons why Churchill should become PM? (6)
-Has a strong personality, -Charasmatic, -Intelligent, -Journalism skills, -Communication skills, -Orator
19 of 105
However, why should Churchill not be appointed b'ased on experiences?
-Gallipoli which was a major failure in WW1 and Norway,
20 of 105
What are the other reasons why Churchill should not become PM? (6)
-Risk taker, -His attitude towards democracy, -Rude and racist, -Aggressive, -A war mongerer, -Obsessive,
21 of 105
What 4 quotes by Churchill show his stance in 1940?
-"Never Surrender" -"Victory at all costs" -"I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat." -"We will fight them on the beaches"
22 of 105
Was he up for negotiating?
Not with Hitler, -He considered for Mussolini,
23 of 105
What were some of his famous/iconic symbols? (3)
-V for Victory, -Top hat and Cigar, -Staying in London as the Battle of Britain begins,
24 of 105
What are four advantages on his style of leadership?
-He is hardworking, -very long hours, -Gets personally involved in decisions, -decisive,
25 of 105
However what are six disadvantages of his style of leadership?
-Puts strains on staff, -Wouldnt delegate decisions, -wouldnt listen to advisors, -unwilling t o compromise, -Narrow minded, -unapologetic,
26 of 105
What did his wife warn about his style of leadership?
She warned him of his attitude to others around him e.g. his rudeness and demands to his staff,
27 of 105
Who were his six generals?
-Gort, -Dill, -Wavell, -Auchinleck -Montgomery, -Brooke
28 of 105
Who was Gort other than a General? and where was he acting?
British Commander at Dunkirk,
29 of 105
What did Churchill order Gort to do?
Stay and fight as Dunkirk
30 of 105
What did Gort do instead and was it a success?
He had his own initiative and evacuated troops from Dunkirk, yes it was a success,
31 of 105
How many were evacuated?
over 300,000 men
32 of 105
How did the French view this?
they respected his intiative to evacuate troops.
33 of 105
What position was General Dill and when?
Chief of Imperial General 1940-1941
34 of 105
What did he think thr army needed to do?
to be built up larger and trained,
35 of 105
How did Churchill view him and why?
He was infuriated with Dill as he saw the defence of the wholw empire as his respomsibilty,
36 of 105
What did Churchill call him?
Dilly Dally
37 of 105
Where was Wavell stationed?
In North Africa.
38 of 105
What was he told to create there?
A middle east command to protect the Suez Canal and British oil fuels.
39 of 105
How did he try and accomplish this?
He launched a counter attack against the Italians and drove them back 500 miles,
40 of 105
Why did Churchill dislike him?
As he was too cautious
41 of 105
However, what was he appointed to in India and again in 1943?
-Commander in Cheif, -Field Marshall
42 of 105
When was Auchinleck appointed Commander in Chief?
July 1941
43 of 105
Where was he able to take all of by the end of 1941?
44 of 105
How did Churchill view him and why?
As too cautious and wasnt a good leader as he clashes with RAF leaders.
45 of 105
However, why could Churchill be wrong?
He has no experinece of modern desert welfare,
46 of 105
Where did he beat Rommel and when?
At the Battle of El Alamein in 1942,
47 of 105
What did he create with Churchill against what?
They created a New Offensive against the crisis of Libya
48 of 105
What did Churchill have him appointed to and how?
To Field Marshall by compensation.
49 of 105
What position was Brooke?
Chief of Imperial General Staff
50 of 105
What did he set up which Churchill didnt recognise?
the Burma Campaign,
51 of 105
What did Brooke want to set up where but why didnt he?
He wanted to set up a Naval Base in Singapore but Churchill didnt and refused to let him,
52 of 105
What was the consequences of this?
In January 1942 Japan successfully invaded,
53 of 105
What was Churchill and Brookes relationship like?
It was stromy and they rarely agreed on things.
54 of 105
Why did Churchill not get rid of him?
As he was one of te best strategists and wartime leaders,
55 of 105
How did Brooke view Churchill?
He was annoyed Churchill was seen as a great strategist but had great respect for him,
56 of 105
What were Britains two strategic decisions for the Mediterranean?
1)Invade through Italy, 2)invade through France
57 of 105
What are three reasons to imvade Italy based on why they shouldnt invade through France?
-If failed, ot would invite invasion of Britain, -would result in horrifoc losses based on the blood bath of WW1, -French coast is fortified ready for invasion,
58 of 105
What is another reason why the invasion of Italy ahould occur?
As fhe army is weak.
59 of 105
Which option does Churchill favour and why?
Italy as he described it as 'The Soft Underbelly of Europe.'
60 of 105
Which option does France and Russia favour and why?
The French optiom as they want a second front to remove the Germsn troops from Russia,
61 of 105
Which option does Britain use and when does it occur?
The Italian option is used in 1943.
62 of 105
However, what happens and who is blamed?
German reinforcements keep the Allies in Italy and Churchill is blamed to an extent,
63 of 105
When is the French option tried and what are other names for this invasion?
-June 1944, -Invasion of Normandy, -D-day, -Operation Overlord,
64 of 105
Based on these two in invasions, why could it be argued Churchill doesnt deserve his reputation as a Great war time PM?
As he could have invaded France earlier and, in theory, reduced the impsct of the war and the Holocaust,
65 of 105
However, based on these two events, why could this be argued against?
-He was waiting for thr right time as D-Day wasnt a bloodbath, -Italy imvasiom moved German troops from France,
66 of 105
When does the Battle of Britain occur and between who?
August/September 1940 and beyond between the RAF and the Luftwaffe,
67 of 105
Was Churchill right to encourage the growth of the RAF?
Yes but he did overestimate the Luftwaffe
68 of 105
What was Germany's aim?
To destroy the war effort im Britain- comminications, air bases, factories, cities and homes to destroy morale
69 of 105
Give two examples of places targeted?
-Liverpool, -Coventry
70 of 105
How many were killed in Britain?
tens of thousands,
71 of 105
What was less likely for the Germans to implement after the bombings between them?
-Operation Sealion or thr invasion of Britain,
72 of 105
What was Britain's target in the bombing of Germany?
To destroy cities snd kill as many people as possilbe to lower morale
73 of 105
What was the advantage of Britain's bombings other than lowered morale?
It reduced focus on Britain so German fighters are used instead to stop British bombers,
74 of 105
Who was in charge?
Sir Arthur 'Bomber' Harris
75 of 105
When was Dresden bombed and why?
February 1945 as it had a large population, industry and showed the Russians how powerful she and America were,
76 of 105
What did Britai fear of thr Russians?
That rhey would carry on their invasion across Europe as they cant be trusted as they are Communists,
77 of 105
How many nights of nombing was there and how many dead? Why is the number uncertain?
3 nights of bombing, -Between 35,000-135,000, As Dresden was filled with refugees escaping Russian troops
78 of 105
What was created that also made losses difficult to count?
A fire storm
79 of 105
Why could this 'war crime' be justified?
As fhey were trying to end the war earlier,
80 of 105
Were death camps targeted and why?
No as they were full of prisoners
81 of 105
After the war, what did many of prisoners of war say should hsve hsppened?
They should havs been bombed to stop the torture and cruelty
82 of 105
What month was the 1945 elections?
83 of 105
What was the result?
Labour won by a landslide as compared to the Conservatives,
84 of 105
Who run the Government before the elections and why?
There was a National Government where all parties work together in a time of crisis,
85 of 105
When was the first National Government and why?
1931 due to the Great Depression
86 of 105
WHo was Churchill's deputy Prime Minister and who was he?
Attlee- Leader of the Labout Party
87 of 105
In 1944, what two acts did he introduce/influence?
-Town and Country Planning Act, -Butler's Education Act,
88 of 105
What did the 1944 Town and Country Planning Act do?
It meant the compulsory purchasing of bomb damaged areas,
89 of 105
However, who took credit for this act?
90 of 105
What did Churchill introduce to the Butler's Education Act that was positive?
-Increases leaving age to 15, -Make RE compulsory
91 of 105
However, what was one disadvantage he introduced into the Butler Education Act and who was in unpopular with?
-He ensured women, especially teachers, were paid less, -Unpopular with those who favoured equality,
92 of 105
Explain why people are weary of Churchill and the policies he may say he will introduce based on WW1?
David Lloyd George promised 'Homes fit for heroes', but he never fulfilled his promise,
93 of 105
When was the Beveridge Report introduced and by who?
1942 by William Beveridge,
94 of 105
What did this Report argue and suggest to solve this?
-It argued poverty could be abolished if they could extend social insurance scheme. He recommened child allowances, an NHS, welfare reforms and social security
95 of 105
Who was in support?
There was a large agreement amongst parties that were in favour of implementing the report,
96 of 105
What was Churchill's reaction?
Churchill believed it was too costly so should be implemented after the war and not during the war,
97 of 105
How did he prevent possible change going ahead?
He appointed Conservatives into positions such as the Minister of Health and Minister of Town and Country Planning to ensure nothing would be implemented during the war,
98 of 105
However, why would it not be possible to implement this report after the war?
As they were in great debt after the war so wouldnt be able to afford it.
99 of 105
How many other MPs voted against implementing the scheme now?
100 of 105
What was Curchill's post war priority?
Fear of Communisms in Europe so wanted to launch Operation Unthinkable
101 of 105
What was Operation Unthinkable and why wasnt it used?
It was to move the Russians back over to Russia to stop them taking over other countries in Europe, -It would start WW3,
102 of 105
Why is the reputation of Communism increased?
Due to Russians hand in WW2 where they fought off the Germans for many years,
103 of 105
Why does this help Labour?
As it supports many of their policies like the nationalisation of industry and intervention for the economy,
104 of 105
Why did the USA make an impact of churchill's reputation and a quote?
They were stationed in Britain but resentment was caused with their activities- 'Overpaid, oversexed, over here'
105 of 105

Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is Churchill appointed as at this time?


First Lord of Admirality

Card 3


Although war starts, does anything happen?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What does Norway declare itself but why is it in a vital position?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


what does Britain plan to do and what is Churchill's idea?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Churchill 1920-1945 resources »