Developments in England and Wales 1880--1929

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Impact of WWI

  • Govt. had much more power and control
  • Total War - first time it happened
  • DORA (Defence of the Realm Act)
    -control over key industries
  • Ministry of Munitions set up
    - direct production to war effort
  • Women taken into male dominated jobs
    - Labour shortage due to conscription
    - Sparked changing role of women 

Liberal Reforms

  • Idea of Self Help not working
    - change needed to keep public backing 
  • Charities overwhelmed
  • Workhouses overcrowded
    -neither of these combating poverty efficiently
  • Surveys carried out by Booth and Rowntree
    - 1/3 population in…


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