Behaviourist Approach Flashcards

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: amber
  • Created on: 21-04-13 14:25
Assumption of the Behaviourist Approach
Assumes behaviour is determined by environment,which provides stimuli to which we respond, and past environments cause us to learn to respond to stimuli in a certain way. Reinforcement motivates our behaviour
1 of 11
Implication of the Behaviourist Approach
Deterministic- our behaviour is determined by factors beyond our control in this case - environment.
2 of 11
Studies that take the Behaviourist Approach
-->Griffiths -->Savage Rumbaugh --> Bandura -->Milgram
3 of 11
Strength 1 of the Behaviourist Approach
Behaviourist explanations can be easily tested because they are operationalized. A good theory must be falsifiable and this is true of the behaviourist explanation. (Bandura)
4 of 11
Strength 2 of the Behaviourist Approach
Provides evidence of the nurture side of the nature vs. nurture debate. (Savage Rumbaugh)
5 of 11
Strength 3 of the Behaviourist Approach
Allows psychologists to investigate the effect of the environment on behaviour (Milgram)
6 of 11
Weakness 1 of the Behaviourist Approach
Behaviourist explanations are reductionist,iththe consequences that they may prevent psychologists investigating other explanations for behaviour. e.g family relation or experiences, or role of emotions (Bandura)
7 of 11
Weakness 2 of the Behaviourist Approach
Deterministic-suggests people are 'controlled' by factors outside their control,therefore lacking personal responsibility. -portrays humans as passive responders to environmental influences with no free will (Milgram)
8 of 11
Weakness 3 of the Behaviourist Approach
It underestimates the role of biology and biological factors influencing behaviour. Excludes role of cognitive/mental factors. (Griffiths)
9 of 11
Similarities of the Behaviourist Approach
Griffiths and Bandura - both snapshot. arcade vs nursery one test. Griffiths and Savage Rumbaugh- both quasi experiments gamblers vs bonobos. Griffiths and Milgram- both self selected Uni of Exeter vs New Haven area.
10 of 11
Differences of the Behaviourist Approach
Griffiths and Bandura -method - field vs lab experiment. Savage Rumbaugh + Any - animals vs humans; Milgram and Griffiths - controlled observation vs field experiment
11 of 11

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Implication of the Behaviourist Approach

Back

Deterministic- our behaviour is determined by factors beyond our control in this case - environment.

Card 3

Front

Studies that take the Behaviourist Approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Strength 1 of the Behaviourist Approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Strength 2 of the Behaviourist Approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »