The Behaviorist Approach Flashcards

  • Created by: Hope
  • Created on: 05-01-15 16:06
What is the main focus of the Behaviorist Approach?
All behaviors are learnt through our experiences in life. Some of these behaviours are maladaptive which makes the individual abnroaml
1 of 15
How are abnormal behaviours learnt?
Classical and operant conditioning or social learning
2 of 15
Explain: Classical Conditioning
Learning occurs through association. During experiments they would find an unconditioned stimulus with no response and pair it with a neutral response which results in a stimulus repsonse link
3 of 15
What is the equation for classical conditioning?
Unconditioned stimulus + Neutral stimulus = Conditioned repsonse
4 of 15
Explain 'Little Albert'
They used a little boy (Albert) who was not scared of a mouse, they began sounding a loud noise when he touched the mouse, in the end when he saw the mouse he became fearful
5 of 15
Explain: Operant Conditioning
Learning occurs through Reinforcement. Positive reinforcement= probability of repition increases, Punishment= probability of repitiion decreases, Negative Reinforcement= increases probability of repitition
6 of 15
What is negative reinforcement?
It takes away the negative aspect of the situation (e.g. medicene)
7 of 15
Explain: Social Learning
Behaviours are learnt by seeing others rewarded and punished
8 of 15
Name 3 strenghts of the Behaviourist Approach-
Its universally relative, it overcomes the issue of labelling someone as abnnormal, it is a scientific approahc
9 of 15
Name 3 weaknesses of the Behaviourist Approach-
Unethical, its a reductionist view (limited view of complex behaviours), ingnores cause only focus' on symptoms
10 of 15
Name 3 Behaviourist treatments-
Systematic De-sensisation, flooding and aversion therapy
11 of 15
How does Systematic De-Sensitisation work?
A counter-conditioning procedure, based on Recipricol inhibition (replacing fear with relaxation) client is taught how to relax, they work on de-sensitisation heirarchy and then move up heirarchy
12 of 15
How does flooding work?
Often used with phobias, client is presented with feared stimuli without escape root, works because high levels of anxiety cannot be sustained
13 of 15
What are the strengths of the behaviourist treatments?
Systematic Desensitiation is very effective, they are quick and require less effort
14 of 15
What are the limitations of the behaviourist treatments?
Symptom substitution, ethical issues, one critic said that SD might not be effective treating anxiety that have underlying evolutionary survival component
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2


How are abnormal behaviours learnt?


Classical and operant conditioning or social learning

Card 3


Explain: Classical Conditioning


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is the equation for classical conditioning?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Explain 'Little Albert'


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Abnormality resources »