Behaviourism, cognitive and Social learning theory

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  • Created by: Adrianna
  • Created on: 13-10-15 20:13
What is an example of Classical conditioning with dogs?
Pavlov's study
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What did Pavlov aim to measure, in the beginning?
Secretion of saliva
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What is the secretion of saliva in Pavlov's experiment referred to?
A reflex
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What type of stimulus where the dogs in Pavlov's experiment initially presented with?
Neutral
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What was the neutral stimulus in the Pavlov dog experiment?
The bell
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Over time what did the dogs become?
Conditioned
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What is the name given to the way in which dogs can be conditioned to respond to particular pitches of sounds?
Descrimination
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What is the name given to the way that dogs are taught to make a conditioned response to similar sounding sounds?
Generalisation
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What type of conditioning is there other than classical?
Operant
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What type of conditioning is learning through past reinforcements/punishments?
Operant conditioning
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What is an example of a person using operant conditioning techniques who worked with rats?
B.F. Skinner
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Behaviour that is reinforced is more likely to be what?
Repeated
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The stimulus before conditioning is called the what?
Unconditioned stimulus
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During conditioning, what two times where provided to the dogs during Pavlov's experiment?
The bell and the food
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In Pavlov's experiment with dogs what was the conditioned response?
Saliva
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In Pavlov's experiment with dogs what was the conditioned stimulus?
Bell
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What statement can be concluded form the study of Pavlov's dog about the link between saliva and the bell?
Ringing of the bell elicits Saliva
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What was Watson and Rayner's study called in 1920?
The study of Little Albert
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Albert heard sounds when shown what type of animals?
Fury
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What was the range if stimuli Albert was exposed to?
White rat and fire
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What was the conditioned stimulus in the study of Little Albert?
A loud noise
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What did Albert become afraid of?
similar objects to a rat
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What did Litlle Albert display on seeing the rat after conditioned?
Fear response
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What did the fear become that allowed it to apply to other things?
Generalised
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Who's psychologists work do behaviourists reject?
Freud's
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Why did behaviourists reject Freud's work?
Not observable/measurable
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What did behaviourists believe psychology should be?
Scientific
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What approach do behaviourists reject?
Psychodynamic
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Behaviourists reject the idea that what type of factors affect human behaviour?
Innate
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Behaviourists believe what type of environment determines behaviour?
Nature vs nurture
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Behaviourists believe we are conditioned through what?
Our past experiences
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One assumption of behaviourism is that all behaviour is learnt through what?
Conditioning, past experiences and the environment
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Another assumption of behaviourism is that they believe humans are...?
Animals
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Another assumption of behaviourism is that studying animals can provide us with an insight into what?
Human behaviour
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Weakness of behaviourism beginning with D?
Deterministic
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Weakness of behaviourism beginning with R and M?
Reductionistic and Mechanistic
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Weakness of behaviourism beginning with A?
Assumptions
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Weakness of behaviourism beginning with C?
Changeable
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Weakness of behaviourism beginning with N?
No underlying reasons seen
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Weakness of behaviourism beginning with L?
Learned helplessness
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Strength of behaviourism beginning with D (1)?
Development
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Strength of behaviourism beginning with p?
Problem behaviour reduced
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Strength of behaviourism beginning with E?
Experimental method
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Strength of behaviourism beginning with A?
Applicable
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Strength of behaviourism beginning with D (2)?
Definition
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Why is deterministic a weakness of behaviourism?
All behaviour as determined by past experiences that have been conditioned-no free will
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Why is Reductionist and mechanistic a weakness of behaviourism?
Reduces behaviour to stimulus-response units. Individual treated as a machine: stimulus occurs, and because of conditioning, certain response is given.
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Why is assumption a weakness of behaviourism?
Assumes conditioned animal behaviour is same as human behaviour, ignores role of cognitive processes.
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Card 2

Front

What did Pavlov aim to measure, in the beginning?

Back

Secretion of saliva

Card 3

Front

What is the secretion of saliva in Pavlov's experiment referred to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What type of stimulus where the dogs in Pavlov's experiment initially presented with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the neutral stimulus in the Pavlov dog experiment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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