AS Archaeology Vocabulary

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  • Created by: Kishore3
  • Created on: 04-09-14 17:10
Ancestor
a person from whom one has descended
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Ancestor cult
a ritualistic system of respect to the spirits of the dead to avoid evil consequences and secure good fortune
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Animism
belief that non-human entities possess a spiritual essence
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Art and iconography
traditional, pictorial material associated with a subject (eg. ledgendary)
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Cremation
burning, vaporisation and oxidation to reduce entities to basic compounds but retaining the bones
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Excarnation
burial practice of removing the flesh and organs of the dead, leaving only the bones
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Focus of attention
the act of concentrating on one aspect whilst ignoring other things
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Funerary ritual
a ceremony held in connection with a burial or cremation of a dead person
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Grave goods
utilitarian (practical) and valuable objects deposited with bodies in ancient graves, probably intended for use in the afterlife
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Inhumation
the action of a burial or buried corpse
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Liminal
a boundary between two systems
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Magic
the power of apparently influencing events by using supernatural forces
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Monotheism
the belief that there is only one God
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Myth
a traditional story explaining natural or social phenomenon; a widely held but false belief
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Pilgrim
a person who travels to a sacred place for religious reasons
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Polytheism
the belief that there is more than one God
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Prayer/participation
a spiritual communion (exchange of thoughts) with God or an object of worship
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Priest/ritual specialist
a person who performs religious ceremonies and duties
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Propitiation/votive
an action to regain someone's trust or to make up for something you did wrong
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Purity and cleansing
to free from sin or guilt
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Rites of passage
a ceremony or event marking an important stage of someones life
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Rites of intensification
a ritual ceremony performed by a community at a time of crisis (ie. a rain dance)
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Ritual
a ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed to a prescribed order
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Ritual feasting
a community ceremony of food and drink
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Sacrifice
an act of slaughtering or surrendering a possession as an offering to a deity (God/Goddess)
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Sensory experience
sensing an event using one of the five senses (ie. smelling a rose)
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Shamanism
when the mind reaches an altered state of consiousness to interact with the spirit world
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Shrine/temple/ritual structure
a sacred place of worship
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Symbolism
the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities
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Totemism
the belief in which each human has a spiritual connection with another physical being (ie. tree or animal)
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Worldview
a particular conception of the world
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Worship
a feeling or expression for a deity (God/Goddess)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a ritualistic system of respect to the spirits of the dead to avoid evil consequences and secure good fortune

Back

Ancestor cult

Card 3

Front

belief that non-human entities possess a spiritual essence

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

traditional, pictorial material associated with a subject (eg. ledgendary)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

burning, vaporisation and oxidation to reduce entities to basic compounds but retaining the bones

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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