Discovering and recording sites and landscapes

  • Created by: Shannon
  • Created on: 22-01-13 12:02
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  • Discovering and recording sites and landscapes
    • Desktop Survey
      • Maps - google, towning plannin or OS.
      • Documentary records - online or printed
      • Photographs - areial or films
        • Verticle Photos - Aerial photos used for mapping taken with the camera pointing straight down at the ground with the aircraft flying along grid lines.
        • Oblique photos - most widely used in archaeology to locate sites and illustrated features. these are taken from low-flying aircraft with the picture taken at an angle to the ground.
      • SMR (Site and Monuments Records)
      • NMR (National Monuments Record)
      • Paintings and Engravings
    • Field Walking
      • Pros: cheap, only way of investigating a pacific site.
      • Cons: takes time, could lead to nothing or could be the wrong site, could miss something,could be invisible at ground level.
    • Building Survey - recording standing buildings
      • Specialised area of archaeology surveying focuses on the built environment and links archaeology to architectural science.
    • Sampling
      • Systematic sampling over comes clustering by selecting at evenly spaced intervals, e.g every 3rd grid or every 10 meters.
      • Stratified sampling combines the last 2 methods and could be used to take more samples in particular zones than others.
      • Simple random sample works like lottery. The number units are selected by computer or number table. This is fair as each unit has an equal chance of being selected, but it can cause clustering so you can miss features.


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