Archaeological Excavation

  • Created by: ktommo
  • Created on: 19-05-17 17:39
What is research excavation?
When there is no immediate threat to the archaeology. Excavation only takes place when the benefits of what will be learned outweigh the destructive nature of excavation.
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What is rescue excavation?
This involves trying to record and excavate as much as possible on a site marked for construction or industry, or that is going through extensive environmental change. Most excavations tend to be rescue excavations.
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What are 'mitigation strategies'?
Building work takes place while trying not to damage the archaeology. 'Preservation in situ'
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Give an example of rescue excavation.
The Channel Tunnel Rail Link from London to Dover. All types of survey work were used extensively, with 2,000 trial trenches dug.
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What is 'preservation in situ'?
When a full record of a site can be gathered without any excavation at all.
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What may be included in a research design?
Justifications for digging the site, how the research will be published and disseminated, the recording system to be used, determining the methods of investigation to be used and sampling policy and analysis of samples.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is rescue excavation?

Back

This involves trying to record and excavate as much as possible on a site marked for construction or industry, or that is going through extensive environmental change. Most excavations tend to be rescue excavations.

Card 3

Front

What are 'mitigation strategies'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an example of rescue excavation.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is 'preservation in situ'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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