Archaeological Data

  • Created by: ktommo
  • Created on: 10-05-17 10:05
What can archaeologists gain from understanding transformation processes?
Which of the patterns in their data actually result from human behaviour in order to begin interpreting them.
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What is 'Hawkes' ladders of inference'?
A hierarchy of aspects of past societies according to how easy they were to infer.
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What is the order of Hawkes' ladder?
Technical processes were seen as the easiest and thus at the bottom followed by economies with political institutions and religious beliefs on top.
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What do archaeologists do when having identified archaeological material and taken account of various transformation processes?
Archaeologists try to identify what human behaviour lies behind them.
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What is an assemblage?
Where a certain group of artefacts and/or ecofacts from the same period are repeatedly found together.
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What is a faunal assemblage?
A cluster of animal remains in one place.
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What is meant by the term 'industry'?
To group similar tools and methods of manufacture.
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What is a cultural assemblage?
When a certain group of artefacts, features and symbols are repeatedly found together. To indicate that they were created by a specific people during a particular time. Such as the Beaker burial assemblage.
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Name an example of a cultural assemblage?
The Linearbandkeramik farmers of 6th Millennium BC Europe.
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What evidence might indicate a butchery or kill site involving humans in scavenging or hunting?
A scatter of flint tools amidst the bones of an animal.
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What are Palimpsests?
Accumulated, unrelated archaeological material deposited on multiple occasions in the same place over a long period of time.
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What is a signature?
A recurring pattern of artefacts, ecofacts and features which are associated with particular activities.
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What do archaeologists use analogies for?
To formulate theories about what the data can provide evidence of. It is based on the idea that if two things are similar in one way then they may be similar in others.
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Why can analogies lead to widely differing interpretations?
When we think we are discovering patterns in archaeological data, what we are really doing is organising data so that it reflects the structures already in our minds.
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Name 3 case studies.
Olduvai Gorge;Linearbandkeramik;Wakah Kan at Palenque.
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Card 2

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What is 'Hawkes' ladders of inference'?

Back

A hierarchy of aspects of past societies according to how easy they were to infer.

Card 3

Front

What is the order of Hawkes' ladder?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do archaeologists do when having identified archaeological material and taken account of various transformation processes?

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Card 5

Front

What is an assemblage?

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