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  • Created by: mscerdan
  • Created on: 10-04-16 16:01
What is regular time?
Music that is in simple or compound time.
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What is irregular time?
Music that does not fit into simple or compound time.
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What is irregular time also known as?
Asymmetrical time
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What is free time?
Music that appears to have no obvious time signature and there is no obvious steady beat.
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What era was free time mainly used?
Early 15th and 16th centuries.
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What is augmentation?
When you double the value of each note so that the rhythm lasts twice as long.
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When is augmentation regularly used?
At the end of a piece when the two last bars that include the final cadence are repeated and augmented.
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What is diminuation?
It is when the value of each note is halved.
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What is a hemiola?
Isolated bars of music where one part appears to be playing music that has two beats and the other appears to be in 3 beats.
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What is a cross-rhythm?
It is when one part plays a rhtyhmic pattern in 2 over another part's rhythmic pattern in 3.
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How are cross-rhythms different ot hemiolas?
Cross-rhythms occur over several bars whereas hemiolas are in isolated bars.
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In what type of music can cross-rhythms form the basis?
West African drumming.
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What is a polyrhythm?
It is the simultaneous sounding of two or more independant or conflicting rhythms
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Cross-rhythms are a type of....?
Polyrhythm
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When a polyrhythm has two parts only it is known as a...?
Bi-rhythm
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What is tempo?
The speed of the piece of music.
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What does largo mean?
Very slow
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What does lento mean?
Slowly
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What does adagio mean?
Slow and stately
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What does andante mean?
Walking pace
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What does moderato mean?
Moderately
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What does Allegretto mean?
Moderately fast
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What does allegro mean?
Fast, quickly and bright
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What does vivace mean?
Lively and fast
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What does presto mean?
very fast
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What does accelerando mean?
Speeding up
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What does rallentando mean?
Gradually slowing down
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What is rubato?
It is when musicians slow down or speed up at ceratin key points within the music before returning to the original tempo.
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Rubato was usued a lot in the ........ era.
Romantic era (19th century)
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Which classical composer used a lot of rubato in his music?
Chopin
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What is syncopation?
It is when the main emphasis of the rhythm falls off-beat.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is irregular time?

Back

Music that does not fit into simple or compound time.

Card 3

Front

What is irregular time also known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is free time?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What era was free time mainly used?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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