1. Which of the following is an apparatus usually used in the development of controlled bacteria cultures?
- Inoculating loop
- Immunising loop
- Vaccinating loop
- Sterilising loop
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2. Genetic alterations can result in a new forms of pathogens. These new forms may develop into entire strands of antibiotic resistant bacteria through...
- Selective inheritance
- Natural selection
- The theory of acquired characteristics
- Genetic descendancy
3. Which of the following is not a method by which white blood cells combat pathogens?
- Produce and emit antitoxins, which counteract the effects of pathogens' toxins. Antitoxins are specialised
- Produce and emit flagellites, which begin to break down all constituent amino acids of the bacteria, starting at the flagella
- Change their shape and ingest the pathogen through surrounding and engulfing it
- Emit specialised antibodies to destroy the antigens (surface proteins) of the pathogens
4. Who discovered penicillin, perhaps the most famous antibiotic?
- Sir Alexander Fleming, FRSE, FRS, FRCS
- Rt. Hon. Ernest Rutherord, Baron of Nelson, OM, FRS
- Charles Darwin, FRS
- Rosalind Franklin
5. Some vaccines may have detrimental, even dangerous side effects. True or false?
- True: Vaccines cause immunity, but also, sometimes, other ailments; it is worth contracting a short-term mild illness for entire prevention of a more serious one, however, most people argue
- False: Vaccines are entirely safe; immunity is not worth the risk of contraction of another disease, most people argue