AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Bio social approach

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:25

1. Who supported Money & Erdhardt's claim that a child can change sex without any psychological harm?

  • Mazur et al - 5 Individuals Genetically male, but raised as females - even though acted slightly male still well ajusted
  • Mazur et al - 4 individuals Genetically male, but raised female - Had male behaviour but still well ajusted
  • Mckillip et al - 5 Individuals Genetically female but raised males - Well adjusted just with female tendences
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2. In which case was Nature stronger than Nurture? (Money 1974)

  • John/ Joan - Even though socialised as a girl and then re-socialised as a male = Psychological harm caused suicide
  • John/Jenny - Even though socialised as a Male and then re-socialised as a male still had psychological harm

3. Why can't these theories by generalised to all humans?

  • As they do not take into account all factors that determine gender
  • As they are case studies
  • As they are only observations

4. What does Smith and Lloyds theory suggest about the colour of the babies clothes?

  • Which toys the child plays with indicates to the parents which gender the child is (Colour of clothes makes no difference)
  • How the child is labelled ( Through the colour clothing) determines how the child is socialised (Which toys)
  • How the child acts towards the parents determines the gender given

5. Why is this theory retrospective?

  • As they are case studies and era dependant
  • As they are open to interpretation
  • As they are observations and case studies only


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