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PSYCHOLOGY A2 ­ UNIT 4 ­ ADDICITON






BIOLOGICA
L GAMBLING SMOKING
APPROACH
INITIATION INITIATION
THE ROLE OF GENETICS ­ Studies have shown that pathological gambling runs in families. A twin study by ROLE OF GENETICS ­ Family and twin studies estimate the heritability of tobacco smoking to
SHAH ET AL…

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PSYCHOLOGY A2 ­ UNIT 4 ­ ADDICITON




REDUCTIONIST ­ Because they reduce a complex phenomenon, such as gambling, down to relatively a with the more common Asn40 variant are equally likely to stop smoking regardless of NRT
simple level of explanation, i.e. an imbalance of brain chemicals or the influence…

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PSYCHOLOGY A2 ­ UNIT 4 ­ ADDICITON




IMPLICATIONS FOR TREATMENT - The evidence that there is more than one motivation for becoming a
pathological gambler implies that there should be differing approaches to helping in their treatment, EXPECTANCY THEORY & PUBLICATION BIAS - The focus on research into expectancy theory…

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PSYCHOLOGY A2 ­ UNIT 4 ­ ADDICITON




gambling associated difficulties of any pathological gamblers and are motivated to seek treatment this led to a greater urge to smoke than when presented with a cue associated with smoking
AO2 (BLASZCZYNSKI AND NOWER)
Emotionally vulnerable gamblers have accompanying anxiety and/or depression and…

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PSYCHOLOGY A2 ­ UNIT 4 ­ ADDICITON




addiction but smoking doesn't have the There is also support for the claim that use can be considered to be an
desired effect in reducing stress. perceived rewards such as social status and addiction-like behaviour. He issued PERSONALITY AS A CAUSE ­ research…

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Comments

Joey Yau

This is great thanks!

aneesah

great! thanks

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