1. What is Skyre et al find?
- Studied 3 clinicians and 5 patients and found that the inter-rater reliability was +.72, showing high IR possibly due to extensive training
- 66% of patients with 1 disorder had another leading to inaccurate diagnosis, confirming the idea of co-morbidity
- There is no such thing as mental illness, Instead it's a way for society to label and exclude those who don't fit in
- In Japan there is a condition called TKS which is a fear of social situations but in the UK this is not recgonised as a disorder, supporting the idea of cultural differences
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Other questions in this quiz
2. What are the biological explanations for phobic disorders?
- Evolutionary explanations (expectancy bias, ancient fears, prepotency) + Biological explanations (inherit certain genetics from parents who suffer)
- Behavioural approach (classical conditioning- association, operant condtioning- consequence, Social learing theory) Psychodynamic explanation (phobias are repressed conflicts of the unconscious)
- Behavioural approach (phobias are repressed conflicts of the unconscious) + Psychodynamic explanation (classical conditioning- association, operant condtioning- consequence, Social learing theory)
- Biological explanations (expectancy bias, ancient fears, prepotency) + Evolutionary explanations (inherit certain genetics from parents who suffer)
3. What are the 3 main types of phobias?
- Emotional, cognitive, physical, behavioural
- Specific, social, agorophobia
- Emotional, Social, specific
- Aracnaphobia, Specific, social
4. What did Bandura and Rosenthal find?
- Failed to condition infants to fear a wooden block when associated with a loud bell, supporting biological preparedness
- Studied Little Hans are proposed that his phobia towards horses was due to unresolved unconscious issues between his unconscious
- Observer watched a model apparently experience pain each time a buzzer sounded and later showed emotional distress towards buzzer, supporting the social learning theory
- Conditioning Little Albert to fear white rats when associated with a loud noice, supporting classical conditioning
5. What did Ohman + Soares find?
- Pictures of feared objects were masked, yet phobic patients showed greastest ANS arousal compared to neutral objexts, supporting prepotency
- Monkeys developed a fear towards a snake if they saw another monkey show a fear response but didn't show the same response to a flower, supporting the evolutionary explanations
- 64% of blood phobics had at least 1 relative with the same disorder
- Twin studies, MZ twins 5x more likely than DZ twins to both have an anxiety disorder