AQA Psychology- Unit 4

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1. What are the biological therapies for phobias and explain each?

  • Drug therapy: (Capsulatomy: probe inserted and capsule tissue is burnt away, Cingulotomy: probe inserted and cingulum burn't away, Deep brain stimulation) + Psychosurgery (Benzodiazapines, beta blockers, MAOIs),
  • Drug therapies (Benzodiazapines, beta blockers, MAOIs), Psychosurgery (Capsulatomy: probe inserted and capsule tissue is burnt away, Cingulotomy: probe inserted and cingulum burn't away, Deep brain stimulation)
  • CBT- (hirarchy created and then work through scenerios either in vitro- imagination or in vivo- real) , Systematic desensitisation (CBT, REBT)
  • Systematic desensiatisation (hirarchy created and then work through scenerios either in vitro- imagination or in vivo- real) and CBT (REBT-ABC)
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2. What did Bregmans find?

  • Failed to condition infants to fear a wooden block when associated with a loud bell, supporting biological preparedness
  • Studied Little Hans are proposed that his phobia towards horses was due to unresolved unconscious issues between his unconscious
  • Conditioning Little Albert to fear white rats when associated with a loud noice, supporting classical conditioning
  • Observer watched a model apparently experience pain each time a buzzer sounded and later showed emotional distress towards buzzer, supporting the social learning theory

3. What a the psychological explanations for phobic disorders?

  • Evolutionary explanations (expectancy bias, ancient fears, prepotency) + Biological explanations (inherit certain genetics from parents who suffer)
  • Biological explanations (expectancy bias, ancient fears, prepotency) + Evolutionary explanations (inherit certain genetics from parents who suffer)
  • Behavioural approach (classical conditioning- association, operant condtioning- consequence, Social learing theory) Psychodynamic explanation (phobias are repressed conflicts of the unconscious)
  • Behavioural approach (phobias are repressed conflicts of the unconscious) + Psychodynamic explanation (classical conditioning- association, operant condtioning- consequence, Social learing theory)

4. What are the psychological therapies for phobias and explain each?

  • Systematic desensiatisation (hirarchy created and then work through scenerios either in vitro- imagination or in vivo- real) and CBT (REBT-ABC)
  • Drug use, psycho-surgery, CBT (REBT-ABC)
  • CBT- (hirarchy created and then work through scenerios either in vitro- imagination or in vivo- real) , Systematic desensitisation (CBT, REBT)
  • Drug use, psycho-surgery, Systematic desensiatisation (hirarchy created and then work through scenerios either in vitro- imagination or in vivo- real)

5. What is the definition of a phobia?

  • A anxiety disorder that is present for more than a week
  • A persistent fear that is identified by the individual as irrational
  • A rational phobia which is classified as by a doctor as a fear
  • Where an individual is extremley tired and stressed out because of a spider

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