AQA Psychology- Unit 4

HideShow resource information

1. What is Skyre et al find?

  • Studied 3 clinicians and 5 patients and found that the inter-rater reliability was +.72, showing high IR possibly due to extensive training
  • 66% of patients with 1 disorder had another leading to inaccurate diagnosis, confirming the idea of co-morbidity
  • There is no such thing as mental illness, Instead it's a way for society to label and exclude those who don't fit in
  • In Japan there is a condition called TKS which is a fear of social situations but in the UK this is not recgonised as a disorder, supporting the idea of cultural differences
1 of 20

Other questions in this quiz

2. What are the biological explanations for phobic disorders?

  • Evolutionary explanations (expectancy bias, ancient fears, prepotency) + Biological explanations (inherit certain genetics from parents who suffer)
  • Behavioural approach (classical conditioning- association, operant condtioning- consequence, Social learing theory) Psychodynamic explanation (phobias are repressed conflicts of the unconscious)
  • Behavioural approach (phobias are repressed conflicts of the unconscious) + Psychodynamic explanation (classical conditioning- association, operant condtioning- consequence, Social learing theory)
  • Biological explanations (expectancy bias, ancient fears, prepotency) + Evolutionary explanations (inherit certain genetics from parents who suffer)

3. What are the 3 main types of phobias?

  • Emotional, cognitive, physical, behavioural
  • Specific, social, agorophobia
  • Emotional, Social, specific
  • Aracnaphobia, Specific, social

4. What did Bandura and Rosenthal find?

  • Failed to condition infants to fear a wooden block when associated with a loud bell, supporting biological preparedness
  • Studied Little Hans are proposed that his phobia towards horses was due to unresolved unconscious issues between his unconscious
  • Observer watched a model apparently experience pain each time a buzzer sounded and later showed emotional distress towards buzzer, supporting the social learning theory
  • Conditioning Little Albert to fear white rats when associated with a loud noice, supporting classical conditioning

5. What did Ohman + Soares find?

  • Pictures of feared objects were masked, yet phobic patients showed greastest ANS arousal compared to neutral objexts, supporting prepotency
  • Monkeys developed a fear towards a snake if they saw another monkey show a fear response but didn't show the same response to a flower, supporting the evolutionary explanations
  • 64% of blood phobics had at least 1 relative with the same disorder
  • Twin studies, MZ twins 5x more likely than DZ twins to both have an anxiety disorder

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Phobic disorders resources »