AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Gredler find?

  • Chimps showed cognitive development, challenging Vygotsky
  • Papua New Guinea- basic counting system- limited cognitive development
  • Ppts shown drawing with 1 of 2 labels. Drawn differently depending on label. Showing language is important
  • children who couldn’t conserve, taught comparative language but didn't improve
  • - Children performed better on complex puzzle tasks with scaffolding than alone
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2. What did Eide and Eide find?

  • Children with sensory impairments, show delays in ToM, showing interdependance of stages
  • Autistic children understand intentions.. ToM separate to intelligence
  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • autistic kids could do the mountain task but not sally Anne

3. What did McGarrigle and Donaldson find?

  • Suggested children didn't understand the conservation task because they couldn't apply context to it so they introduced 'naughty teddy' and there was a 70% success rate of 4-6 year olds
  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Mountain study, only at aged 7 were children not egocentric

4. What did McNaughton and Leyland find?

  • children who couldn’t conserve, taught comparative language but didn't improve
  • Papua New Guinea- basic counting system- limited cognitive development
  • Ppts shown drawing with 1 of 2 labels. Drawn differently depending on label. Showing language is important
  • - Children performed better on complex puzzle tasks with scaffolding than alone
  • Chimps showed cognitive development, challenging Vygotsky

5. What did Hughes find?

  • autistic kids could do the mountain task but not sally Anne
  • Children with sensory impairments, show delays in ToM, showing interdependance of the stages
  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Autistic children understand intentions.. ToM separate to intelligence

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