1. What did Dapretto suggest?
- The idea of MNs is a behaviouristic approach, there is a difference between understanding what others are thinking and actually experiencing it
- There can be applications to autism. Autistic people have less MN activity so could be taught imitation skills to enhance activity
- MNs are a myth, all research carried out regarding them have been highly subjective or carried out on monkeys
- After studying neuron actvity in epicilectic people through an internal electrode, 34 MNs were found, as well as multiple different types
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2. What did Bryant and Trabesso find?
- Collaborative learning leads to an improvement in the ability to take part in critical thinking tasks
- Practice is a more important factor, pre-operational children could be taught logical skills
- Practice is not important, it only helps when biologically ready, shown by both 10 year olds and 17 year olds taught conservation words but only 17 year olds improved
- Successful scaffolding is dependant on contingent regualtions
3. What did Selman study and what are his stages?
- Intentions 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP
- Conceptual perspective taking, 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP
- Imitation, 1)Intentions, 2)Language aquistion 3)TOM
- perceptual perspective taking, 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP
4. What did Gredler find?
- - Children performed better on complex puzzle tasks with scaffolding than alone
- Papua New Guinea- basic counting system- limited cognitive development
- Chimps showed cognitive development, challenging Vygotsky
- children who couldn’t conserve, taught comparative language but didn't improve
- Ppts shown drawing with 1 of 2 labels. Drawn differently depending on label. Showing language is important
5. What are the 4 stages a child's sense of self develops?
- 1) Imitation, 2) intentions, 3)Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
- 1) Subjective self awareness, 2) objective self awareness, 3) Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
- 1) Objective self awareness, 2) Subjective self awareness, 3)Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
- 1) Subjective self awareness, 2) objective self awareness, 3) Psychological self awareness, 4) language aquisition