AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Bahrick and Watson find?

  • Studied Downs syndrome children vs autistic children and found ToM not related to IQ
  • 3yr/o look in box (incorrect) and 4 yr/o look in basket (correct)
  • 6-12 mth/o = thought someone was in the mirror, 13-24 mths looked curious and 24+ recognised themselves
  • 5mth olds knew what their legs were doing, showing they had subjective self awareness
  • 19% of 15mths touch nose compared to 66% of 25mths
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What did Selman study and what are his stages?

  • Conceptual perspective taking, 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP
  • perceptual perspective taking, 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP
  • Imitation, 1)Intentions, 2)Language aquistion 3)TOM
  • Intentions 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP

3. What are the A02 studies for development of children's understanding of others

  • Carpenter, Hughes, Hobson, Eide and Eide
  • Hughes, Hobson, Eide and Eide, Ballegeon and DeVos
  • Carpenter, Hughes, Hobson, McGarrigle and Donaldson
  • Carpenter, Hughes, Hobson, Eide and Eide, Walster et al

4. What did Carmichael find?

  • Chimps showed cognitive development, challenging Vygotsky
  • Ppts shown drawing with 1 of 2 labels. Drawn differently depending on label. Showing language is important
  • - Children performed better on complex puzzle tasks with scaffolding than alone
  • children who couldn’t conserve, taught comparative language but didn't improve
  • Papua New Guinea- basic counting system- limited cognitive development

5. What did Ballergeon and DeVos find?

  • Carrot study, babies aged 6 months, showed object permenance (challenging the ages of the stages)
  • Mountain study, only at aged 7 were children not egocentric
  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Suggested children didn't understand the conservation task because they couldn't apply context to it so they introduced 'naughty teddy' and there was a 70% success rate of 4-6 year olds


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