AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Piaget and Inhelder find?

  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Suggested children didn't understand the conservation task because they couldn't apply context to it so they introduced 'naughty teddy' and there was a 70% success rate of 4-6 year olds
  • Mountain study, only at aged 7 were children not egocentric
  • Carrot study, babies aged 6 months, showed object permenance (challenging the ages of the stages)
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2. What did Baron Cohen find?

  • 6-12 mth/o = thought someone was in the mirror, 13-24 mths looked curious and 24+ recognised themselves
  • 19% of 15mths touch nose compared to 66% of 25mths
  • Studied Downs syndrome children vs autistic children and found ToM not related to IQ
  • 5mth olds knew what their legs were doing, showing they had subjective self awareness
  • 3yr/o look in box (incorrect) and 4 yr/o look in basket (correct)

3. What are the studies used to evaluate developments in sense of self?

  • Bahrick and Watson, Amsterdam, Lewis and Brooks Gunn, Wimmer and Perner, Baron-Cohen
  • Amsterdam, Lewis and Brooks Gunn, Wimmer and Perner, Baron-Cohen, Watson et al
  • Bahrick and Watson, Amsterdam, Lewis and Brooks Gunn, Wimmer and Perner
  • Bahrick and Watson, Amsterdam, Lewis and Brooks Gunn, Wimmer and Perner, Inhelder and Piaget

4. What did Gopnick suggest?

  • There can be applications to autism. Autistic people have less MN activity so could be taught imitation skills to enhance activity
  • After studying neuron actvity in epicilectic people through an internal electrode, 34 MNs were found, as well as multiple different types
  • MNs are a myth, all research carried out regarding them have been highly subjective or carried out on monkeys
  • The idea of MNs is a behaviouristic approach, there is a difference between understanding what others are thinking and actually experiencing it

5. What are the 4 stages a child's sense of self develops?

  • 1) Subjective self awareness, 2) objective self awareness, 3) Psychological self awareness, 4) language aquisition
  • 1) Subjective self awareness, 2) objective self awareness, 3) Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
  • 1) Imitation, 2) intentions, 3)Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
  • 1) Objective self awareness, 2) Subjective self awareness, 3)Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M

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