AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Eide and Eide find?

  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Children with sensory impairments, show delays in ToM, showing interdependance of stages
  • Autistic children understand intentions.. ToM separate to intelligence
  • autistic kids could do the mountain task but not sally Anne
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2. What did Gopnick suggest?

  • MNs are a myth, all research carried out regarding them have been highly subjective or carried out on monkeys
  • There can be applications to autism. Autistic people have less MN activity so could be taught imitation skills to enhance activity
  • After studying neuron actvity in epicilectic people through an internal electrode, 34 MNs were found, as well as multiple different types
  • The idea of MNs is a behaviouristic approach, there is a difference between understanding what others are thinking and actually experiencing it

3. What did Sinclair-de-Zwart find?

  • Ppts shown drawing with 1 of 2 labels. Drawn differently depending on label. Showing language is important
  • children who couldn’t conserve, taught comparative language but didn't improve
  • Papua New Guinea- basic counting system- limited cognitive development
  • Chimps showed cognitive development, challenging Vygotsky
  • - Children performed better on complex puzzle tasks with scaffolding than alone

4. What did Hughes find?

  • autistic kids could do the mountain task but not sally Anne
  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Autistic children understand intentions.. ToM separate to intelligence
  • Children with sensory impairments, show delays in ToM, showing interdependance of the stages

5. What did Amsterdam find?

  • 6-12 mth/o = thought someone was in the mirror, 13-24 mths looked curious and 24+ recognised themselves
  • 5mth olds knew what their legs were doing, showing they had subjective self awareness
  • 19% of 15mths touch nose compared to 66% of 25mths
  • 3yr/o look in box (incorrect) and 4 yr/o look in basket (correct)
  • Studied Downs syndrome children vs autistic children and found ToM not related to IQ

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