AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Dapretto suggest?

  • The idea of MNs is a behaviouristic approach, there is a difference between understanding what others are thinking and actually experiencing it
  • There can be applications to autism. Autistic people have less MN activity so could be taught imitation skills to enhance activity
  • MNs are a myth, all research carried out regarding them have been highly subjective or carried out on monkeys
  • After studying neuron actvity in epicilectic people through an internal electrode, 34 MNs were found, as well as multiple different types
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2. What did Bryant and Trabesso find?

  • Collaborative learning leads to an improvement in the ability to take part in critical thinking tasks
  • Practice is a more important factor, pre-operational children could be taught logical skills
  • Practice is not important, it only helps when biologically ready, shown by both 10 year olds and 17 year olds taught conservation words but only 17 year olds improved
  • Successful scaffolding is dependant on contingent regualtions

3. What did Selman study and what are his stages?

  • Intentions 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP
  • Conceptual perspective taking, 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP
  • Imitation, 1)Intentions, 2)Language aquistion 3)TOM
  • perceptual perspective taking, 1)UP, 2) SIP 3) SRP 4) TPP 5)SP

4. What did Gredler find?

  • - Children performed better on complex puzzle tasks with scaffolding than alone
  • Papua New Guinea- basic counting system- limited cognitive development
  • Chimps showed cognitive development, challenging Vygotsky
  • children who couldn’t conserve, taught comparative language but didn't improve
  • Ppts shown drawing with 1 of 2 labels. Drawn differently depending on label. Showing language is important

5. What are the 4 stages a child's sense of self develops?

  • 1) Imitation, 2) intentions, 3)Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
  • 1) Subjective self awareness, 2) objective self awareness, 3) Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
  • 1) Objective self awareness, 2) Subjective self awareness, 3)Psychological self awareness, 4) T.O.M
  • 1) Subjective self awareness, 2) objective self awareness, 3) Psychological self awareness, 4) language aquisition

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