AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What are the 2 theories that can be applied to education and how is each applied?

  • Piaget: biological readiness, discovery learning, Vygotsky: peer tutoring, collaborative learning, scaffoldin, ZPD
  • Piaget: peer tutoring, collaborative learning, scaffoldin, ZPD,Vygotsky: biological readiness, discovery learning
  • Selman; peer tutoring, collaborative learning, scaffoldin, ZPD Piaget: biological readiness, discovery learning
  • Piaget: biological readiness, discovery learning, peer tutoring, collaborative learning, scaffoldin, ZPD
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2. What are the 4 things Mirror neurons have been linked to?

  • Subjective self awareness, objective self awareness, psychological self awareness, T.O.M
  • Intentions, Perceptual perspective taking, psychological self awareness, TOM
  • Imitation, Intentions, TOM/empathy, language aquisition
  • Imitation, Intentions, perceptual perspective taking, conceptual perspective taking

3. What did Hughes find?

  • autistic kids could do the mountain task but not sally Anne
  • Children with sensory impairments, show delays in ToM, showing interdependance of the stages
  • Police/naughty boy study, 90% success rate at aged 3.5-5 suggesting that Piaget underestimated abilities
  • Autistic children understand intentions.. ToM separate to intelligence

4. What did Amsterdam find?

  • 19% of 15mths touch nose compared to 66% of 25mths
  • 3yr/o look in box (incorrect) and 4 yr/o look in basket (correct)
  • Studied Downs syndrome children vs autistic children and found ToM not related to IQ
  • 6-12 mth/o = thought someone was in the mirror, 13-24 mths looked curious and 24+ recognised themselves
  • 5mth olds knew what their legs were doing, showing they had subjective self awareness

5. What did Baron Cohen find?

  • 3yr/o look in box (incorrect) and 4 yr/o look in basket (correct)
  • 5mth olds knew what their legs were doing, showing they had subjective self awareness
  • 6-12 mth/o = thought someone was in the mirror, 13-24 mths looked curious and 24+ recognised themselves
  • Studied Downs syndrome children vs autistic children and found ToM not related to IQ
  • 19% of 15mths touch nose compared to 66% of 25mths

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