1. What did May and Hamilton find?
- Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory
- 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis
- Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
- Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis
1 of 20
Other questions in this quiz
2. What are the 2 explanations of mantainence of romantic relationships
- Social exhcange theory and matching hpothesis
- matching hypotheis annd Equity theory
- Social exchange and Equity theory
- Reward-need satisfaction and Equity theory
3. Are are the A01 explanations of culture on relationships and who created each?
- Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness, DIfferences in the importance of love
- Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness + Levine: DIfferences in the importance of love
- Levine: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness
- Hofstede: Differences in lonliness, Levine: Involuntary vs volunatary
4. What did the Kitzpatrick research show?
- Children who had suffered abuse, had a disorganised attachment type
- Attachment type is not fixed, you can shift from SA to IA
- Longitudinal study, 78 ppts followed from infancy to adolescence and those rated securely attached had closer relationships
- Love quiz, IA= fear of closeness, IR= difficulty in finding true love, SA= solid relationships AND divorce rate 12% higher in IA
5. What is meant by the matching hypothesis?
- partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
- Those who live in the same area will match better
- Where someone seeks a partner with a similar desirabilty (if you have a high desirablity your partner will be of high desirability) and those best matched last longer
- Where what you put into a relationships must equal what you get out of it