AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What are the 4 A01 points for parent-child relationships on earlier relationships?

  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis,
  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis, 2.5 years of critical period
  • Internal working model, socialisation, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis
  • Socialislation, cultural influences, Trivers, Internal working model
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2. What is meant by the equity theory

  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Rewards must outweigh costs for a relationship to be satisfying (comparison levels are used)
  • The theory  states that it is important for a balance of rewards/costs in a relationship
  • you and your partner must be of equal social desirability levels

3. What are the 4 researchers that investigated the formation of relationships

  • Griffit+Guay, May and Hamiliton, Walster et al, Murstein
  • Tashiro+Frazier, Akert, Walster et al, Murstein
  • Akert, Walster, Hofstede, Levine et al
  • May and Hamilton, Murstein, Cate et al, Akert

4. What did May and Hamilton find?

  • Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
  • Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory
  • 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis
  • Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis

5. What are the 2 explanations of mantainence of romantic relationships

  • Social exchange and Equity theory
  • Reward-need satisfaction and Equity theory
  • Social exhcange theory and matching hpothesis
  • matching hypotheis annd Equity theory


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