AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Buss et al find?

  • Students asked a series of questions (date? flat? sex?) by an attractive researcher and 0% of females agreed compared to 75% of males
  • 900 lonely heart ads, 42% of males look for youth compared to 25% of women, and 44% of males look for attractive partner compared to 22% females
  • 10,000 ppts, 37 cultures, overall men look for attractiveness and youth + women look for financial support
  • Socialisation could be an alternative explanation so it is the norms that explain the differences
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2. What did Griffit and Guay find?

  • Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory
  • Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis
  • Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
  • 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis

3. What did the Simpson et al research show?

  • Children who had suffered abuse, had a disorganised attachment type
  • Longitudinal study, 78 ppts followed from infancy to adolescence and those rated securely attached had closer relationships
  • Love quiz, IA= fear of closeness, IR= difficulty in finding true love, SA= solid relationships AND divorce rate 12% higher in IA
  • Attachment type is not fixed, you can shift from SA to IA

4. What are the A02 points for sex differences in parental investment?

  • Socialisation, Geher et al, Walster et al, Anderson
  • Trivers et al, Geher et al, Walster et al
  • Geher et al, Geher et al follow up, Anderson, Socialisation
  • Walster et al, Geher et al, Anderson

5. What did the Hazan + Shaver research show?

  • Children who had suffered abuse, had a disorganised attachment type
  • Attachment type is not fixed, you can shift from SA to IA
  • Love quiz, IA= fear of closeness, IR= difficulty in finding true love, SA= solid relationships AND divorce rate 12% higher in IA
  • Longitudinal study, 78 ppts followed from infancy to adolescence and those rated securely attached had closer relationships

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