AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did the Anderson research show?

  • 91 non-parent students asked certain questions to do with raising child but no differences found
  • Men invest just as much as their step children
  • Men have greater ANS arousal when asked questions about being a parent
  • Childhood experiences influence later in life sex differences
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2. What are the 4 A01 points for parent-child relationships on earlier relationships?

  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis,
  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis, 2.5 years of critical period
  • Internal working model, socialisation, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis
  • Socialislation, cultural influences, Trivers, Internal working model

3. What did Griffit and Guay find?

  • 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis
  • Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
  • Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis
  • Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory

4. What is meant by the social exchange theory?

  • Rewards must outweigh costs for a relationship to be satisfying (comparison levels are used)
  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Where what you put into a relationships must equal what you get out of it
  • Where you and your partner must be of equal social desirability levels

5. What is meant by the equity theory

  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Rewards must outweigh costs for a relationship to be satisfying (comparison levels are used)
  • The theory  states that it is important for a balance of rewards/costs in a relationship
  • you and your partner must be of equal social desirability levels

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