AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did May and Hamilton find?

  • Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory
  • 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis
  • Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
  • Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis
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2. What are the 2 explanations of mantainence of romantic relationships

  • Social exhcange theory and matching hpothesis
  • matching hypotheis annd Equity theory
  • Social exchange and Equity theory
  • Reward-need satisfaction and Equity theory

3. Are are the A01 explanations of culture on relationships and who created each?

  • Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness, DIfferences in the importance of love
  • Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness + Levine: DIfferences in the importance of love
  • Levine: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness
  • Hofstede: Differences in lonliness, Levine: Involuntary vs volunatary

4. What did the Kitzpatrick research show?

  • Children who had suffered abuse, had a disorganised attachment type
  • Attachment type is not fixed, you can shift from SA to IA
  • Longitudinal study, 78 ppts followed from infancy to adolescence and those rated securely attached had closer relationships
  • Love quiz, IA= fear of closeness, IR= difficulty in finding true love, SA= solid relationships AND divorce rate 12% higher in IA

5. What is meant by the matching hypothesis?

  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Those who live in the same area will match better
  • Where someone seeks a partner with a similar desirabilty (if you have a high desirablity your partner will be of high desirability) and those best matched last longer
  • Where what you put into a relationships must equal what you get out of it

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