AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. Are are the A01 explanations of culture on relationships and who created each?

  • Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness + Levine: DIfferences in the importance of love
  • Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness, DIfferences in the importance of love
  • Hofstede: Differences in lonliness, Levine: Involuntary vs volunatary
  • Levine: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness
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2. What are the A02 points for evoultionary explanations of relationships?

  • Akert, Walster et al, Buss et al, Student/experiementor
  • Buss et al, Waynforth + Dunbar
  • Buss et al, Waynforth + Dunbar, Student/experimentor,
  • Tashiro + Frazier, Akert, Murstein, Waynforth + Dunbar

3. What are the 4 A01 points for parent-child relationships on earlier relationships?

  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis,
  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis, 2.5 years of critical period
  • Internal working model, socialisation, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis
  • Socialislation, cultural influences, Trivers, Internal working model

4. What did Waynforth + Dunbar find?

  • 900 lonely heart ads, 42% of males look for youth compared to 25% of women, and 44% of males look for attractive partner compared to 22% females
  • 10,000 ppts, 37 cultures, overall men look for attractiveness and youth + women look for financial support
  • Students asked a series of questions (date? flat? sex?) by an attractive researcher and 0% of females agreed compared to 75% of males
  • Socialisation could be an alternative explanation so it is the norms that explain the differences

5. What are the 2 explanations of mantainence of romantic relationships

  • Social exchange and Equity theory
  • Reward-need satisfaction and Equity theory
  • Social exhcange theory and matching hpothesis
  • matching hypotheis annd Equity theory

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