AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Murstein find?

  • Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory
  • Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
  • Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis
  • 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis
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2. Are are the A01 explanations of culture on relationships and who created each?

  • Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness + Levine: DIfferences in the importance of love
  • Hofstede: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness, DIfferences in the importance of love
  • Hofstede: Differences in lonliness, Levine: Involuntary vs volunatary
  • Levine: Voluntary.Vs.Involuntary, Indivualist.Vs.Collectivist, Differences in loneliness

3. What did Griffit and Guay find?

  • 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis
  • Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory
  • Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
  • Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis

4. What is meant by the social exchange theory?

  • Rewards must outweigh costs for a relationship to be satisfying (comparison levels are used)
  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Where what you put into a relationships must equal what you get out of it
  • Where you and your partner must be of equal social desirability levels

5. What did the Simpson et al research show?

  • Children who had suffered abuse, had a disorganised attachment type
  • Longitudinal study, 78 ppts followed from infancy to adolescence and those rated securely attached had closer relationships
  • Love quiz, IA= fear of closeness, IR= difficulty in finding true love, SA= solid relationships AND divorce rate 12% higher in IA
  • Attachment type is not fixed, you can shift from SA to IA

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