AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What are the 4 A01 points for parent-child relationships on earlier relationships?

  • Socialislation, cultural influences, Trivers, Internal working model
  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis, 2.5 years of critical period
  • Internal working model, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis,
  • Internal working model, socialisation, continuity hypothesis, maternal deprivation hypothesis
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2. What did the Kitzpatrick research show?

  • Attachment type is not fixed, you can shift from SA to IA
  • Children who had suffered abuse, had a disorganised attachment type
  • Love quiz, IA= fear of closeness, IR= difficulty in finding true love, SA= solid relationships AND divorce rate 12% higher in IA
  • Longitudinal study, 78 ppts followed from infancy to adolescence and those rated securely attached had closer relationships

3. What is meant by the equity theory

  • Rewards must outweigh costs for a relationship to be satisfying (comparison levels are used)
  • you and your partner must be of equal social desirability levels
  • The theory  states that it is important for a balance of rewards/costs in a relationship
  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning

4. What is the explanation given for the breakdown of relationships

  • Rollie and Ducks stage model: 1) Intra-Psychic, 2) Dyadic, 3) Social, 4) Grave dressing, 5) Resurrection, as well as Rollie stating that multiple factors lead to breakdown ie. lack of stimulation
  • Rollie and Fricks model: 1) Dyadic, 2) Social, 3) Intra-psychic, 4) Grave dressing 5) Resurrection
  • Rollie and Duck's Model: 1)Social, 2) Intra-psychic, 3) Dyadic, 4) Grave dressing, 5) Resurrection
  • Rollie and Duck: 1) Intra-Psyhic, 2) Dyadic, 3) Social, 4) Grave dressing

5. What is meant by the matching hypothesis?

  • Where what you put into a relationships must equal what you get out of it
  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Where someone seeks a partner with a similar desirabilty (if you have a high desirablity your partner will be of high desirability) and those best matched last longer
  • Those who live in the same area will match better

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