AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did the Simpson et al study find?

  • 99 real couples compared to fake couples and those real couples were rated more similarily
  • participants in a realtionship rated pictures of opposite sex lower than single ppts to eliminate alternatives
  • participants in a realtionship rated pictures of opposite sex higher than single ppts to eliminate alternatives
  • Computer dance study, ppts chose those who were most similar to them
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2. What is the explanation given for the breakdown of relationships

  • Rollie and Ducks stage model: 1) Intra-Psychic, 2) Dyadic, 3) Social, 4) Grave dressing, 5) Resurrection, as well as Rollie stating that multiple factors lead to breakdown ie. lack of stimulation
  • Rollie and Fricks model: 1) Dyadic, 2) Social, 3) Intra-psychic, 4) Grave dressing 5) Resurrection
  • Rollie and Duck's Model: 1)Social, 2) Intra-psychic, 3) Dyadic, 4) Grave dressing, 5) Resurrection
  • Rollie and Duck: 1) Intra-Psyhic, 2) Dyadic, 3) Social, 4) Grave dressing

3. What did the Anderson research show?

  • Childhood experiences influence later in life sex differences
  • Men invest just as much as their step children
  • 91 non-parent students asked certain questions to do with raising child but no differences found
  • Men have greater ANS arousal when asked questions about being a parent

4. What did May and Hamilton find?

  • Pictures of real couples were rated more similarily than pictures of randomly paired couples, supporting matching hypothesis
  • Ppts were asked to rate pictures of opposite sex. One group had positive music played and the other had negative music and then this compare with a control (no music)- found that those in positive group rated pictures higher, supporting theory
  • Liking rate of experimentor by ppts. was higher when they were positively reinforced (praised), supporting the reward-need satisfaction hypothesis
  • 752 students, rated by 4 judges on attractiveness and then randomly paired, it was found physical attractiveness was most important factor after ppts were asked to rate dates, challenging matching hypothesis

5. What are the A02 points for sex differences in parental investment?

  • Socialisation, Geher et al, Walster et al, Anderson
  • Trivers et al, Geher et al, Walster et al
  • Geher et al, Geher et al follow up, Anderson, Socialisation
  • Walster et al, Geher et al, Anderson

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