AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What are the 4 researchers that investigated the formation of relationships

  • Akert, Walster, Hofstede, Levine et al
  • Griffit+Guay, May and Hamiliton, Walster et al, Murstein
  • Tashiro+Frazier, Akert, Walster et al, Murstein
  • May and Hamilton, Murstein, Cate et al, Akert
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2. What are the A02 points for the parent-child relationships on romantic relationships essay

  • Trivers et al, Hazan + Shaver, Simpson et al, Van der Kolk + Fisler
  • Simpson et al, Van der Kolk + Fisler, Kitzpatrick, Walster et al,
  • Hazan + Shaver, Simpson et al, Van der Kolk + Fisler, Kitzpatrick
  • Hazan + Shaver, Simpson et al, Van der Kolk + Fisler, Walster et al

3. What is meant by the social exchange theory?

  • Where what you put into a relationships must equal what you get out of it
  • Rewards must outweigh costs for a relationship to be satisfying (comparison levels are used)
  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Where you and your partner must be of equal social desirability levels

4. What did the Kitzpatrick research show?

  • Children who had suffered abuse, had a disorganised attachment type
  • Love quiz, IA= fear of closeness, IR= difficulty in finding true love, SA= solid relationships AND divorce rate 12% higher in IA
  • Attachment type is not fixed, you can shift from SA to IA
  • Longitudinal study, 78 ppts followed from infancy to adolescence and those rated securely attached had closer relationships

5. What is meant by the equity theory

  • The theory  states that it is important for a balance of rewards/costs in a relationship
  • you and your partner must be of equal social desirability levels
  • partner=source of reward and this reward is learned through classical (association) and operant (consequence) conditioning
  • Rewards must outweigh costs for a relationship to be satisfying (comparison levels are used)

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