AQA AS and A2 Organic Mechanism Reactions

On the front of each card are two chemical groups that you need to work out the name of the mechanism to form the second from the first, any reagents and any specific conditions.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: IssieMc
  • Created on: 16-04-18 15:56
Acyl Chloride to Amide
Nucleophilic Addition Elimination, Ammonia to form a primary amide, amine to form a secondary amide.
1 of 24
Alkane to Haloalkane
Free Radical Substitution, Diatomic halogen, UV light
2 of 24
Alkene to Alcohol
Electrophilic Addition, Conc Sulphuric Acid, Room temperature.
3 of 24
Haloalkane to Nitrile
Nucleophilic Substitution, KCN (Technically needs acidic conditions due to H+ however the exam board don't like you to write this so leave it out!)
4 of 24
Alcohol to Alkene
Elimination, Aluminium Oxide, Heat
5 of 24
Nitrile to Carboxylic Acid
Hydrolysis Reaction, dilute HCl, Reflux, heat, needs water
6 of 24
Acyl Chloride to Carboxylic Acid
Nucleophilic Addition Elimination, water, room temperature
7 of 24
Carboxylic Acid to Acyl Chloride
Nucleophilic Substitution, PCl5 (Phosphorus PentaChloride), Cold conditions
8 of 24
Aldehyde to Carboxylic Acid
Oxidation reaction, Potassium Dichromate, Acidified, reflux
9 of 24
Carboxylic Acid to Aldehyde
Nucleophilic Addition, NaBH4 (Sodium Borohydride)
10 of 24
Alcohol to Aldehyde
Oxidation reaction, Potassium Dichromate, Acidified, Distillation.
11 of 24
Aldehyde to Alcohol
Nucleophilic Addition, NaBH4 (Sodium Borohydride)
12 of 24
Aldehyde to Hydroxynitrile
Nucleophilic Addition, KCN, Room temperature
13 of 24
Carboxylic acid PLUS alcohol
Esterification, Alcohol and Carboxylic Acid make an Ester, Heat, reflux, acid catalyst
14 of 24
Ketone to Alcohol
Nucleophilic Addition, NaBH4 (Sodium Borohydride)
15 of 24
Alcohol to Ketone
Oxidation Reaction, Potassium Dichromate,, Acidified, Reflux
16 of 24
Haloalkane to Amine
Nucleophilic Substitution, Excess conc ammonia, Alcoholic conditions, high pressure
17 of 24
Haloalkane to Alcohol
Nucleophilic Substitution, NaOH (aq), room temperature
18 of 24
Alcohol to Haloalkane
Nucleophilic Substitution, Hydrogen Halide (HX)
19 of 24
Alkene to Haloalkane
Electrophilic Addition, Hydrogen Halide (HX)
20 of 24
Alkene to Dihaloalkane
Electrophilic Addition, Excess Halogen in liquid form, NOT aqueous
21 of 24
Alkene to Alkane
Electrophilic Addition, Hydrogen, Ni/Pt Catalyst, 2 atm, 150 degrees Celsius
22 of 24
Haloalkane to Alkene
Elimination, KOH, alcoholic conditions
23 of 24
Acyl Chloride to Ester
Nucleophilic Addition Elimination, Alcohol
24 of 24

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Alkane to Haloalkane

Back

Free Radical Substitution, Diatomic halogen, UV light

Card 3

Front

Alkene to Alcohol

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Haloalkane to Nitrile

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Alcohol to Alkene

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Mechanisms resources »